Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act
An employer cannot discriminate on the basis of race, color, religion, sex or national origin with respect to employment.
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
The commission, created by Title VII, is empowered to investigate job discrimination complaints and sue on behalf of complainants.
Steps that are taken for the purpose of eliminating the present effect of past discrimination.
Office of Federal Contract Compliance programs (OFCCP)
This office is responsible for implementing the executive orders, and ensuring compliance of federal contractors.
Equal Pay Act of 1963
Equal pay for equal work, regardless of sex.
Age discrimination in Employment Act of 1967
Prohibits arbitrary age discrimination, specifically protecting individuals over 40 years.
Vocational Rehabilitation Act of 1973
Require certain federal contractors to take affirmative action for disabled persons.
Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1978
An amendment to Title VII that prohibits sex discrimination based on pregnancy, child birth or related medical conditions.
Guidelines issued by federal agencies charged with ensuring compliance with equal employment federal legislation explaining recommended employer procedures in detail.
Persons such as minorities and women, protected by EO laws, including Title VII
Civil Rights Act of 1991
Places the burden of proof back on employers. Permits compensatory and punitive damages.
“Mixed motive” case
A discrimination allegation case where the employer argues that the employment action taken was not motivated by discrimination, but by some nondiscriminatory reasons. I.e. ineffective performance.
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)
Prohibits discrimination against disabled person. Require employers to make reasonable accommodations for disabled employees.
Under ADA; those who can carry out the essential functions of the job.
What is sexual Harassment
Unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal or physical conduct of sexual nature that takes place under any of the following conditions: 1) Submission to such conduct is made either explicitly or implicitly a term or condition of an individuals employment. 2) Submission to or rejection of such conduct by an individual is used as the basis for employment decisions affecting such individual. 3) Such conduct has the purpose *or* effect of substantially interfering with the persons performance – or creating an intimidating, hostile or offensive work environment.
Proving Sexual Harassment
There are three main ways someone can prove sexual harassment: 1) Quid Pro Quo. 2) Hostile Environment created by supervisors. 3) Hostile environment created by coworkers or nonemployees.
Quid Pro Quo
When sexual favors are traded for employment or an employment benefit.
Hostile Work Environment
When any unwelcome verbal or physical sexual behavior has the effect that makes the victim uncomfortable because of his or her sex. And has an impact on the victims performance in the workplace.
An employer engages in an employment practice or policy that has a greater adverse impact (effect) on the members of a protected group under Title VII than other employees, regardless of intent. I.e a rule that says employees need a college degree to do a particular job (because more white males than some minorities earn college degrees).
The overall impact of employer practices that result in significantly higher percentages of members of minorities and other protected groups being rejected for employment, placement or promotion.
Disparate Rejection Rates
A test for Adverse Impact that demonstrates discrepancy between rates of rejection of members of protected groups and others.