Human Resource Management Essay

Words: 6774
Pages: 28

Higher Cert in Business, Higher Cert in Business in Equine Studies, Higher Cert in Office Management, Bachelor of Business and Law Year2
Managing Performance
Review Questions 2012/2013

Employee Motivation

1. (a) Outline 2 different methods of job evaluation with which you are familiar. Include in your answer a brief explanation of whether the method outlined would be acceptable as a method of determining comparable worth in an equal value case. (12 marks)

Non-analytical Scheme – non-analytical evaluation schemes is that whole jobs are compared with each other without any attempt to break down and analyse jobs under their various demands and components. These types of job evaluation schemes are particualry prone to
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3. (a) Describe Hertzberg’s theory of motivation and compare it to any one other theory of motivation with which you are familiar. (10 marks)

Theory X and Theory Y Douglas McGregor formulated Theory X and Theory Y suggesting two aspects of human behaviour at work, or in other words, two different views of individuals (employees): one of which is negative, called as Theory X and the other is positive, called as Theory Y. Assumptions of Theory X * An average employee does not like work and tries to escape it whenever possible. * Since the employee does not want to work, managers must warn with punishment so as to achieve organizational goals. A close supervision is required by manager’s managers. * Many employees rank job security on top, and they have little or no ambition. * Employees generally dislike responsibilities. * Employees don’t like change. * An average employee needs formal direction. |
Assumptions of Theory Y * Employees can perceive their job as relaxing and normal. Employees like work and want to undertake challenging tasks * People are motivated by needs for respect, esteem, recognition and self-fulfilment. * Employees may not require only threat, external control and coercion to work, but they can use self-direction and self-control if