Introduction To Psychology

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Intro to Psychology: Chapter 1

1. Critical thinking in psychology can be described as a method as mentioned in the book to evaluate, compare, analyze, critique, and synthesize information. Critical thinking is a type of reflection. Critical thinkers often are open minded and more willingly to question and challenge specific ideas and beliefs with scientific explanation and observation. (2013) “Critical thinkers evaluate ideas by probing for weaknesses in their reasoning and analyzing the evidence supporting their beliefs” (Coon, Dennis-Mitterer, O. John). The five principles which form the foundation of critical thinking are: 1.Few truths go beyond the need for logical analysis and empirical testing. 2. The stage where critical thinkers seek all the falsify beliefs, including their own. 3. The stage where you neither belief nor disbelief (true/false) the belief of an individual. 4. Look deep into the quality of evidence before making any type of assumption. 5. Be open minded, but not to open minded.

2. Psychology is the science of behavior and mental processes. They gather scientific data that allows them to describe, understand, predict, and control behavior. To describe is really simple, you must just describe the behavior to understand it. To understand it you must explain it, like why people do certain things? Another major part is predicting. We can predict on how we think and act. The questions about what, why, when, and how it might occur again begin to be asked during the prediction process. Finally and probably most importantly the control stage. In this stage it is where psychologists strive for change, influence and control in hope for a positive outcome.

3. The five parts to a research report are: 1.Abstract 2.