Employers have responsibilities for the health and safety of their employees.
The owner of a home is responsible under health and safety legislation for maintaining an environment which is safe for residents, visitors and staff alike. Suitable arrangements and procedures for control of infection would form part of the health and safety requirements.
Employer's responsibilities for infection control include the following:
1-establish infection control procedures and an exposure control plan to protect workers.
2- provide continuing in-service education on infection control.
3- have written procedures to follow should an exposure occur and plan to prevent any exposures.
4- provide PPE for employers to use and teach them when and how to properly use it.
5-provide free hepatitis B vaccination for all 'at-risk employees
Managers must ensure that all newly employed staff are introduced to the Infection Control Policy on induction by the end of their first week. Staff must also be updated on an annual basis and / or when new matters arise.
1.2Employee's responsibilities for infection control include:
-follow standard precaution
-follow policies and procedures
-follow client care plan and assignments
-use provided PPE as indicated
-immediate report any exposure have to infection, blood, or body fluids.
-participate to education programs covering the control of infection. 2.1Cod of practice for prevent and control of infection recommend for service provider to:
Ensure that patients presenting with an infection or who acquire an infection during their care are identified promptly and receive appropriate management and treatment to reduce the risk of transmission.
Have and adhere to appropriate policies and protocols for the prevention and control of infection
Ensure, so far as is reasonably practicable, that healthcare workers are free of and are protected from exposure to communicable infections during the course of their work, and that all staff are suitably educated in the prevention and control of infection.
Provide and maintain a clean and appropriate environment which facilitates the prevention and control of infection.
Have in place and operate effective management systems for the prevention and control of infection which are informed by risk assessments and analysis of infection incidents. 2.2-For prevent and control the spread of infection all staff from our Care Home should adhere to the following rules:
Avoid droplet infection by careful control of coughing and sneezing,use tissue/handkerchief;
Appropriate hand washing; Avoid wearing jewellery except wedding ring; Keep hair short or tide back; Wear clean uniforms and only wear them to work; Clean treatment trolleys with appropriate solutions; Report any signs of infection to the appropriate person;keep toilets and commodes scrupulously clean using correct disinfectant agents; Correct handling of food borne illness; Take care when dealing with pets; All skin infections must be reported to the manager/deputy/person in charge;All cut or abrasion should be covered with an occlusive waterproof plaster; Staff with diarrhoea and vomiting should not attend for work.
3.1Standard infection control precautions include:
• Hand hygiene;Use of protective clothing and equipment; Cleaning and disinfection of equipment and the environment;Disposal of waste;Food hygiene;Laundry;Management of inoculation injuries (bites/ and injuries with sharps an body fluids);Management of invasive devices and wounds.
3.2 Outbreak of infection is an incident in which two or more people have similar infections or excrete similar pathogens and in which there is time/place/person association or a situation where the observed number of cases in a defined community exceeds the expected number.
4.1Risk is define as: a possibility of meeting danger or suffering harm; a person or thing that causes this.
4.2 Possible risks of infection during the course of their