December 9th, 2014
U.S. History ID's: Unit 3 // Part 2 Reconstruction Scalawags: any person who behaves badly, but not amusingly mischievous rather than harmful An example of a scalawag would be a white southerner who had collaborated with northern
Carpetbagger: a political candidate who seeks election in an area where they have no local connections. Lincoln could be used as an example of a carpetbagger when it came to gaining votes for failed his election(s) into the senate. Grandfather Clause: exempting certain classes of people or things from requirements o a piece of legislation affecting their previous rights
An example being the Emancipation Proclamation, proposed by Abraham Lincoln. Literacy Tests: a series of test given to AfricanAmericans to prove, and or test their ability to read / write.
An example of a literacy test would be to read a passage of dialect within a certain amount of time, based on the numbers of errors made, would determine your final score. Poll Taxes: a tax levied on every adult, without reference to income or resources
Matter of fact, poll taxes were designed to restrict the rights given, needed to vote. Jim Crow Laws: laws of racial segregation enacted after the period of reconstruction in the southern United States.
An example of these laws would be the segregation at any type of local restroom. Plessy v. Ferguson: Supreme Court Case, since overturned by (Brown v. Board of Edu.) which held the standard(s) of separate, but equal facilities.
An example being, the white male’s restroom was clean, and modern, however, the black male’s was not. Freedmen’s Bureau: est. in 1865, by Congress, used to help former black slaves and poor whites in the South in times of aftermath on the U.S. Civil War
An example of this in the present day would be the Salvation Army of the United States of
Solid South: the politically united southern states of the US.
An example of the “solidity” of the south could be expressed through their morale during the time of the Civil War.
White Knights of Camelia: est. in 1867 by Andrew J. McMilan, and his mistress Cami White, it was a secret group of white supremacy supporters, similar, and associated with the Klu Klux
An example of this would be the men who had killed the freedom riders in the movie
“Mississippi Burning.” Andrew Johnson: 17th President of the United States; was elected vicepresident and succeeded Lincoln when Lincoln was assassinated
His role in the United States history plays a key role, titled “Vice President”, showing the importance that you must always be aware of your surroundings, and ready to perform the task at hand. Compromise 1877: unwritten deal that settled the intensely disputed 1876 U.S. presidential election, pulled federal troops out of state politics in the South, and ended the Reconstruction
The importance of this document is that it had gave the reconstruction era the one “boost” it had needed to finish off the job, and continue into a new chapter of American history. Segregation: the action or state of setting someone or something apart from other people or things or being set apart.
When the Civil War ended in 1865, so did slavery; but segregation, the practice of separating the races in America through a variety of means. The Thirteenth Amendment: to the United States Constitution officially abolished and continues to prohibit slavery to this day.
The Fourteenth Amendment: to the United States Constitution declared that all persons born or naturalized in the United States are American citizens including African Americans.
The Fifteenth Amendment: to the United States Constitution prohibits each government in the United States from denying a citizen the right to vote based on that citizen's race, color, or previous condition of servitude. The Amnesty Act of May 22,