ID S Unit 3 Part 2 Reconstruction Essay

Submitted By Zydel23
Words: 1167
Pages: 5

Mike Seggio
December 9th, 2014
U.S. History ID's: Unit 3 // Part 2 ­ Reconstruction Scalawags: any person who behaves badly, but not amusingly mischievous rather than harmful ­ An example of a scalawag would be a white southerner who had collaborated with northern
Republicans.

Carpetbagger: a political candidate who seeks election in an area where they have no local connections. ­ Lincoln could be used as an example of a carpetbagger when it came to gaining votes for failed his election(s) into the senate. Grandfather Clause: exempting certain classes of people or things from requirements o a piece of legislation affecting their previous rights
­ An example being the Emancipation Proclamation, proposed by Abraham Lincoln. Literacy Tests: a series of test given to African­Americans to prove, and or test their ability to read / write.
­ An example of a literacy test would be to read a passage of dialect within a certain amount of time, based on the numbers of errors made, would determine your final score. Poll Taxes: a tax levied on every adult, without reference to income or resources
­ Matter of fact, poll taxes were designed to restrict the rights given, needed to vote. Jim Crow Laws: laws of racial segregation enacted after the period of reconstruction in the southern United States.
­ An example of these laws would be the segregation at any type of local restroom. Plessy v. Ferguson: Supreme Court Case, since overturned by (Brown v. Board of Edu.) which held the standard(s) of separate, but equal facilities.
­ An example being, the white male’s restroom was clean, and modern, however, the black male’s was not. Freedmen’s Bureau: est. in 1865, by Congress, used to help former black slaves and poor whites in the South in times of aftermath on the U.S. Civil War
­ An example of this in the present day would be the Salvation Army of the United States of
America.

Solid South: the politically united southern states of the US.
­ An example of the “solidity” of the south could be expressed through their morale during the time of the Civil War.

White Knights of Camelia: est. in 1867 by Andrew J. McMilan, and his mistress Cami White, it was a secret group of white supremacy supporters, similar, and associated with the Klu Klux
Klan.
­ An example of this would be the men who had killed the freedom riders in the movie
“Mississippi Burning.” Andrew Johnson: 17th President of the United States; was elected vicepresident and succeeded Lincoln when Lincoln was assassinated
­ His role in the United States history plays a key role, titled “Vice President”, showing the importance that you must always be aware of your surroundings, and ready to perform the task at hand. Compromise 1877: unwritten deal that settled the intensely disputed 1876 U.S. presidential election, pulled federal troops out of state politics in the South, and ended the Reconstruction
Era.
­ The importance of this document is that it had gave the reconstruction era the one “boost” it had needed to finish off the job, and continue into a new chapter of American history. Segregation: the action or state of setting someone or something apart from other people or things or being set apart.
­ When the Civil War ended in 1865, so did slavery; but segregation, the practice of separating the races in America through a variety of means. The Thirteenth Amendment: to the United States Constitution officially abolished and continues to prohibit slavery to this day.
The Fourteenth Amendment: to the United States Constitution declared that all persons born or naturalized in the United States are American citizens including African Americans.
The Fifteenth Amendment: to the United States Constitution prohibits each government in the United States from denying a citizen the right to vote based on that citizen's race, color, or previous condition of servitude. The Amnesty Act of May 22,…