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Meteorology Today Test #2 Review
Study online at quizlet.com/_42l0y
____ ____ are important int he atmosphere because they serve as surfaces on which water vapor condenses.
____ clouds form in the stratosphere and are also called mother-of-pearl clouds
____ is the slow sinking of air, usually associated with high pressure areas.
____ not only photograph clouds, they provide scientists with a great deal of physical information about the earth and its atmosphere.
_____ and _____ are the primary means for cooling the nighttime air near the ground.
radiation and conduction
(also called radiation frost) refers to the white ice crystals, loosely deposited on the ground or exposed objects, that form on cold clear nights when heat losses into the open skies cause objects to become colder than the surrounding air.
A ____ inversion forms when air slowly sinks over a wide area
A "mackerel sky" describes this cloud
A cloud associated with turbulent eddies, downwind of a mountain
A cloud o vertical development that resembles a small piece of floating cotton
A cloud resting on the ground composed of water droplets, ice crystals, or a combination of both.
A cloud that resembles "little castles in the sky" is called
A cloud that sometimes resembles a silken scarf capping the top of a developing cumulus cloud is the ____
A cloud with lightning and thunder that forms when the atmosphere is unstable
A conditionally unstable atmosphere is stable with respect to unsaturated air and unstable with respect to saturated air. T/F
A dark gray, "wet"-looking cloudy layer associated with more or less continuously falling rain or snow.
A halo around the sun or moon often identifies the presence of this cloud
A layer of dust or salt particles suspended above a region.
A low cloud that form when the atmosphere is absolutely stable
A low, lumpy cloud layer that appears in rows, patches, or rounded masses.
A low, uniform, grayish cloud, whose precipitation is most commonly drizzle.
A measured increase in air temperature with increasing height
A middle cloud that occasionally forms in parallel waves or bands
A moist layer of stable surface air can change into a deck of low stratocumulus clouds by the process of:
A positive benefit of fog for fruit and nut trees
A reasonably successful method of dispersing cold fog is to:
seed the fog with dry ice
A tiny liquid drop of dew that forms as rain falls into a cold layer of surface air.
a tiny liquid drop of dew that freezes when the air temp. drops below freezing
A towering cloud that has not fully developed into a thunderstorm
A uniform grayish cloud that often covers the entire sky. Resembles a fog that does not reach the ground.
A vertical profile of air temperature
A visible aggregate of tiny water droplets or ice crystals suspended in the air.
A volume of air about the size of an index finger contains between _____ and ____ particles.
1000 and 150,000
Air motions tend to be downward around the outside of a cumulus cloud. T/F
aka thunderheads, bring hail and lightning and thunder