Essay on Impact of the Industrial Revolution

Submitted By jeeno3
Words: 753
Pages: 4

The crazy world that became the new The industrial revolution was a time of drastic change from handmade work to machines work. When the machines came in to replace the workers the bosses went on to fire all the workers and they had no money or food neither to live on nor to take care of their families. This changed generally helped life, but also hurt it as well. Pollution, such as co2 levels in the atmosphere rose, working conditions declined, and the number of women and children working increased. The government, the arts, literature, music and architecture and man’s way of looking at life all changed during the period. Two revolutions took place, both resulting in productive but also dire consequences. Before the first industrial revolution, England’s was based on its cottage industry. Workers would buy raw materials from merchants, take it back to their cottages and produce the goods at their home. It was usually was owned and managed by one or more people, who were generally close to the workers. There was a good worker and boss relationship, which was demolished and destroyed by capitalism. This industry was efficient but the workers, productivity was low, making costs higher. The longer it took one person to manufacture a product, the higher the price. Goods were high in price and exclusive only to the wealthy people. The year was 1733, the cost of cotton cloth was high, but production was low. This crisis had to be solved or England’s economy would be destroyed. Although at first, many workers didn’t accept machines, in fact, many inventions were destroyed, but what was inevitable, couldn’t be stopped. The machines had made their way to England, and nothing could stop them. By the 1750s, the industrial revolution had begun. At first, inventions were strictly limited to cotton weaving. Inventions such as the spinning jenny and the water powered frame, both of which provided spinning yarn faster, the spinning mule, the power loom and the cotton gin, all helped the manufacture of cotton goods by speeding up the process. Mass production had begun, along with capitalism. Capitalist, people who have their own materials, money and space, bought many machines and stored them in a factory, where hired people worked the whole day manufacturing goods. The factory system had replaced the cottage industry. Mass production made usually expensive items, such as shoes, less expensive and easily affordable by lower class and less wealthy people. The quality of life had improved. In the 1800s, inventions weren’t just limited to the cotton industry. Steam engines were invented, providing a faster mode of transportation, instead of the use of horses and carriages. With steam engines, cities were able to move farther away from rivers and sources of water, to start cities. The second industrial revolution proved more drastic, not only in inventions, but in social and government policies and reforms. The first industrial revolution had forever changed England, and later the…