Socio-cultural, environmental and economic impacts of tourism
1.1 Tourism impacts on society and culture
a) Discuss two negative and two positive impacts that tourism could have on the society and culture of your chosen destination as a result of an influx of tourists.
Tourism in Gatlinburg could affect local communities in positive way. First, by organising cultural events and local festivals, aimed for tourists, which also can give the local people recognition and pride of their heritage. In Great Smoky Arts & Crafts Community, hundreds of talented craftspeople and artists display their works: paintings, jewelry and pottery (The Gatlinburg Chamber of Commerce, 2013).
Influx of tourists can cause overcrowding and congestion in this town with area of 10.1 square miles and 3,944 residents (United States Census Bureau, 2010). It can lead also to rise in crime.
b) Suggest how these negative impacts could be minimized.
Problem of overcrowding, congestion, pollution and noise can be minimized by introducing outside town car parks. Tourists are advised to leave their cars on the parking lots and use public transportation – trolleys – 8 different colored codes