Aids has been around for hundreds of years and it has had an impact on some countries harshly, Africa is one of the main countries that have been affect severely. There is about five million people infected with this deadly disease many of these people die and other transmitted to others such as Malaria, Yellow Fever, Dengue Fever, Typhoid Fever, Cholera, Parasites, Hepatitis B, Schistosomiasis, and Rabies the rate of Aids has increased due to the lack of education on disease that are harmful. As of 1998 the United States has decreased by about sixty seven percent,about four hundred thousand people have been treated for Aids. Because there are people are more cautious with what they do and are more educated about this infection.
Increase of Aids in the world
AIDS stands for acquired immune deficiency and is the final stage of the infection caused by the virus called HIV or Human Immunodeficiency Virus. The virus causes severe damage to the immune system. The virus attacks the immune system leaving the individual susceptible to life-threatening infections and cancers. Common bacteria, yeast, parasites, and viruses that usually do not cause serious disease in people with healthy immune systems can turn deadly for AIDS patients. In Africa there has been a dramatic increase of AIDS, while in the United States of America the number of people have decreased due to the sex education given to teenagers and adults for free. In Africa there is poverty, lack of education, and men raping virgin girls to try to get rid of there AIDS, in the USA there has been a decrease because there is prevention, sexual education, and adequate health systems. AIDS experts attribute Africa’s AIDS epidemic to a variety of economic and social factors, but place primary blame on the region’s poverty, which has deprived Africa of effective systems of health information, health education, and health care. As a result,
Africans suffer from high rates of untreated sexually-transmitted infections other than AIDS, increasing their susceptibility to HIV. “African health systems often have limited capabilities for AIDS prevention work, and HIV counseling and testing are difficult for many Africans
4 to obtain(Nicolas Cook, 2005)”. “Poverty forces large numbers of African men to migrate long distances in search of work, and while away from home they may have multiple sex partners, increasing their risk of infection(Nicolas Cook, 2005)”. Some of these partners may be women who engage in commercial or “transactional” sex because of poverty, and they are also highly vulnerable to infection. Migrant workers may carry the infection back to their spouses when they return home. Long distance truck and public transport drivers are also seen as key agents in the spread of HIV (Brack Brown, 2000). AIDS diagnoses are reported to the CDC by all US states and territories. These data are statistically adjusted for reporting delays and are used to look at AIDS trends in the United States (CDC, 2003). “In 1992, approximately 80,000 adults and adolescents were diagnosed with AIDS. By 1998, that number had dropped by about 50%, to approximately 40,000 cases”(CDC, 2003. Decreases in incidence were partly a result of better HIV prevention, such as organizations testing their blood supplies for HIV and individuals practicing safer sex. They also were in large part a result of the introduction of HAART in 1996. HAART is (Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy). “ HAART is defined as treatment with at least three active anti-retroviral medications (ARV’s), typically two nucleoside or nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTI’s) plus a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI) or a protease inhibitor (PI) or another NRTI called abacavir (Ziagen)”. “HAART is often called the drug “cocktail” or triple-therapy, intervenes in the HIV reproductive cycle, making HIV less likely to reproduce in the