Indian And Greece Essay

Submitted By isannahu
Words: 1261
Pages: 6

Ancient settlers of India were called the Harappa. The Harappa are most popular known for their “great settlements, spanning an area greater than that of Ancient Egypt.”1 Their living conditions prove to be much more advanced than previously believed, forming a grid-like pattern and sewage systems. The Harappa cities had up to eighty thousand citizens, an astounding amount for this time (2600-1700 BC). A large, dry riverbed, running parallel and east of Indus, indicates other cities and towns.2 Meluhha, one of the discovered cities, was said to thrive in financial knowledge. The indicated trade routes, raw goods, and finished products found in the city’s site also opens up new possibilities around the Indus about more civilizations. According to a.harappa.com3, the Harappa primarily grew lentils, wheat, and a range of fruits and vegetables. As for how they got protein in their diets, many Harappans raised cattle, chicken, and range of other odd animals. Particularly, buffalo, and deer, and goats, and fish, and antelopes. Their “kitchen spaces” generally were just open courtyards, and upper class Harappans kept metal vessels. Few utensils were used in the making and eating of food. Sparking new excavations begins to spark more hypotheses of this relatively unknown, uncharted area. Year after year, archeologists are discovering new objects, memorabilia, and so forth. The previously known artifacts and lack of knowledge, led many historians to believe that the Harappa were made up of a peaceful civilization. However, according to NationalGeographic.com, recent evidence has shown a violent past within their community. The skeletons of civilians were both dug up (from circa 1900 to 1700 BC) and investigated by experienced archeologists, revealing massive fractures in the frontal skull area. The new found discovery exposes the crime and violence in this, “peaceful community.” Though there was no established government, the discoveries of barricaded ruins and weaponry establish the fact that there were indeed threats to the Harappa civilizations. Although they faced troublesome circumstances, they had innovated daily lives. They had cities laid out, wells, reservoirs, and bathing areas. In particular, the discovery of the Great Bath of Mohenjo Daro provided historians with incredible information; the Harappa were handy in the construction business. Some Harappa cities, though ancient, are still lively to this day.
Generally in Ancient days, religion played a role in settlements, from expansion to war. 4The Harappan people worshipped the mother Goddess, or “Shakti”, amongst other Goddesses. More specifically, the Earth (also referred to as “The Divine Mother”), whom is mentioned in the Rigveda, a collection of Vedic Sanskrit. Harappan religion bared closely to Greece mythology, often farfetched and based around the worship of many different Gods and Goddesses. The Indus settlers were highly advanced and skilled both financially and knowledgeable, however settlers of Ancient Greece, primarily in the Neolithic Age, can be argued to have been more advanced and have a more aggressive tendencies in war.
The Neolithic age, the last age of the famous “Stone Age”, in Greece was agreed to be the most domesticated settlements, lasting from 6800 to 3200 BC5. As far as their civilization goes, they prospered from the land and resources. Overpopulation led them to migrate throughout Greece. Neolithic living conditions generally consisted of boxes on posts. 6[Through excavations particularly of the Neolithic settlement of Dispillo, man can conclude that in order to both prosper from the given resources and live in it, a mud-and-bricks base with posts elevating out of it, to support wooden platforms, were created. Though the posts were not consistently placed, it is a significant discovery with indicates knowledge of basic physics. Neolithic settlers near Dispillo chose this particular area due to its closeness to…