Southern plains: Kiowas shared lands with Comanches
Northern plains: Sioux, Blackfeet, and Crows
Treaty of Fort Laramie was taken back by other new treaties. The government forced American Indians to give up their land and move to reservations.
Bureau of Indian Affairs- worked closely with US army, where the administering of the reservations took place.
Years of Struggle-
Some Indian groups fought back. Some 20,000 US Army troops were fighting against these rebellious Indian tribes.
Sand Creek Massacre- one of the EARLIEST fights between the Indians and US soldiers in Colorado territory. US soldiers won.
Treaty of Medicine Lodge- treaty signed by both sides to end the fighting. Southern Plains Indians agreed to give up much of their lands in exchange for reservations in Indian Territory.
Battle of Rosebud- in the Montana Territory between the United States Army and its Crow and Shoshoni allies against an Indian force consisting mostly of Lakota Sioux and northern Cheyenne Indians during the Great Sioux War of 1876.
Battle of the Little Bighorn- was an armed engagement between combined forces of Lakota, Northern Cheyenne and Arapaho tribes, against the 7th Cavalry Regiment of the United States Army.
Voices of Protest-
Indians had been driven off their land and onto reservations by a number of pressures.
With the loss of the buffalo, Native Americans had little hope of maintaining an independent existence on the Plains.
Thoc- me-tony: a Paiute women publicized the