1.0 Introduction The Philippines is the 3rd world country that is made up of 7,107 islands, and is located in South-East Asia, its relative between the South China Sea and the Philippine Sea (Image 1). The land area is estimated to be 300,000 sq km, making it slightly larger than Arizona in the USA. The country has a population of 105,720,644 (July 2013) that communicates through major languages such as Filipino and English. The Image 1 capital city of the Philippines, Manila, has a population of 1,652,171 according to the 2010 census. Manila only has a living area of 38.55 square kilometres, making the Manila the most densely populated city in the world. The residents in the country are mostly believed in Christianity, which includes religions such as Orthodox and Catholic. Social and Environmental are the two factors that have the biggest impact on the Philippines poverty.
2.1 Age Structure
Out of the total population of 105,720,644, about 34.6% is composed of 0 to 14 years old children; whom 17,999,279 of the population are male, while 17,285040 are female. According to the 2013 census, 61.1% of the total population are filled with the teenagers and adults who are aged 15 to 64. Throughout this age range, there are a total of 31,097,203 females, while an estimation of 31,103,967 males in the Philippines. Lastly, the remaining of 4.3% of the population is lived by retired citizens, who are over 65 year old, have a total sum of 1,876,805 males and 2,471,644 females according to the latest data shown.
2.2 Women Rights
Back into the centuries, the second women President in The Philippines, Gloria Macapagal Arroyo had signed into the law of Republic Act 9710 or also known as the Magna Carta of Women. Since the bill was filled, all women citizens in the country will have the right to vote and have their own freedom of democracy until present. According to Arturo Brion, Labour Secretary from Bureau of Labour and Employment Statistics (BLES), The Philippines have a ratio of 1.85 million women to 1.4 million men holding supervisory and executive positions. By 2004, according to Brion, the ratio was 2.162 million female supervisors to 1.613 males. In 2006, there were 2.257 million female supervisors to 1,613 males. He had also mentioned that 97 percent of businesses in the Philippines have women in senior management positions; which is the highest among 32 countries surveyed and
also significantly higher than the global average of 59 percent. This proofs that the women in Philippine holds a large and active part of the workforce; while the women have also overwhelmed the workforce of males in The Philippines. 2.3 Education System The education system of the Philippines is largely based on the American education system, reflecting the impact happened on the country by United States. There is a compulsory schooling applied to the students once they have reached Grade 6, which the students begin to attend secondary schools. After Grade 10, the high school students will then move on to a higher education institution; where after 4 years, they will receive their bachelor degree.
The quality of education in The Philippines is poor. The state schools are often characterized by big classes, with the lack of teaching materials and poorly paid teachers (Image 3). However, all students in Manila are graduated from high school, but 30% of the students in countries such as Mindanao or Eastern Vasayas are graduated. To solve the issue of their poor education in The Philippines, the government of the country has now promised to build more schools, while provide better teaching equipments and to offer scholarships to poorer families. 2.4 Rural and Urban Area
The increasing number of the rural citizens had caused others to have no access to land at all. The rural citizens must work in order to support themselves and their family. The decreasing of land in the rural area had result