Essay on Internal Controls

Submitted By robert30
Words: 1040
Pages: 5


Internal Controls
Audrey Banks
University of Phoenix

Audrey Banks is a student at University of Phoenix if there are any questions or concerns about this essay you may contact her at



In this essay you will find an introduction to internal controls. What internal controls are and how

internal control systems work in accounting. Also as you continue to read you will find out how the

Sarbanes - Oxley Act of 2002 has affected the internal control systems in many businesses. Also some

elements of internal controls along with some limitations of the internal controls systems. You will also

find out some reasons why a company's internal controls are the reason why the company may

experience a fall in their price of stock. You will also read about some elements of internal controls.


Internal control is a plan of organization and all the different methods and procedures used by a

business to help the company monitor its assets. Internal control can also prevent fraud and help the

company eliminate errors. It is a system designed to correct errors and ensure that all manager policies

are followed. There are many more things that internal controls do other than accounting and correcting

errors in the financial departments of companies. Accounting control is another way to assure that all

transactions are authorized and recorded to allow the financial statement preparations to take place.

Administrative or managerial controls usually deal with the operational efficiency. A few of the

administrative or managerial controls are quality control or employee reports. One main thing that

maintains internal controls is the internal audit function. The external auditor is the one who evaluates

the whole internal control system to that determines the different procedures necessary for the


According to Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 is an act passed by US

Congress in 2002 to prevent investors from the possibility of fraudulent accounting activities by

corporations. The Sarbanes-Oxley Act also known as (SOX) mandated strict reforms to improve

financial disclosures from corporations and prevent accounting fraud. Sarbanes-Oxley Act was enacted

in response to the accounting scandals in the early 2000s. Scandals such as Enron, Tyco, and Worldcom

Shook investor confidence in financial statements and required an overhaul of regulatory standards to

be set. According to Bloch (2003) stated, “The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 addresses perceived

weaknesses in internal control, the systems a public company employs to collect, process, and disclose

financial information to satisfy its statutory reporting requirements.” Bloch (2003) also went on to say,

“Recent corporate and accounting frauds have demonstrated the inadequacy of internal controls with

regards to revenue recognition. The act also contains requirements aimed at ensuring proper revenue

recognition.” Bloch (2003). “Companies that fail to comply are subject to fines, and company officers


may be imprisoned.” (Ch.8, Internal Controls and Cash).

A company that announces deficiencies in their internal controls would experience a fall in the

price of its stock because certain investors would not be able to know for sure if that company or

organizations statements are correct or not. Let's discuss some limitations to internal controls. There are

a few different limitations to internal controls one being that there isn't a single company that is

completely financially error free and or free from fraud. Also another limitation would be if a company