Essay on Intro to Art Final notes

Submitted By TsukiMizetto
Words: 1549
Pages: 7

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Fauvism (1904-1908)
- Created in 1905
- Use bright and vivid colors in unusual combinations
- Artists were
-Andre Deraine
-Henri Matisse
-Maurice Vlaminck
-Georges Roualt
-Pablo Picasso
- They refused to imitate nature
- Influenced by the discovery of non-Eurpean art like African art
- Liberated color from its traditional role it express feelings rather than describing an object - Vigorous brush strokes, linear patterns, and intense clashing colors.
- Harmony in Red (The Red room): Henri Matisse

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- London Bridge: Andre Derain 1906

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Cubism (1907-1910)
- Made use of shifting viewpoints
- Artists
- Pablo Picasso
- Georges Baroque
- Pablo’s inspiration came from african masks
- Purpose was to reduce form to their essential planes
- Analytic Cubism - Subdued tonality almost monochrome
- Synthetic Cubism - Introduced bright colors and collage
- Still life with chair caining: Pablo Picasso

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- Les demoiselles d’Avignon: Pablo Picasso 1907

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- Woman in Mirror: Pablo Picasso

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Guernica: Pablo Picasso 1937 - Picasso made this piece because Hitler destroyed
Guernica in Spain during WW2 the piece was sent to Spain in 1995 when Spain became a democracy

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Futurism
- Originated in Italy
- Inspired by the dynamic energy of industry and the machine age
- Attempted to add a 4th dimension to art : movement
- Paintings glorified industrialization, machinery, speed, and war.
- Used vibrant colors and divisionalist techniques and shattered forms
- Influenced American painter Jeseph Stella

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- Unique Forms of Continuity in Space: Umberto Boccioni

- Nude Descending the Staircase: Marcel Duchamp 1912 given the name “Explosion in
A Shingle Factory"

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Armory show 1913
- 1st ever modern art show in America
- Held in New York at the 69th regiment national guard
- Exhibited more than 1200 Post-Impressionists, Fauves, Cubists and American Artists works - The show exposed Americans to new art being developed in Europe

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Prairie Style Architecture
- Style of architecture developed by Frank Lloyd Wright
- Used natural materials
- Architecture should blend with the landscape
- Characteristics of Prairie style architecture
1.Cantilever to extent roof line
2. Cathedral ceilings
3.Built-in furniture and lighting fixtures
4.Casement windows
5. Carports
6. Massive fireplace
7.Split-level ranches
- Site specific buildings
- Robie House: F.L. Wright, 1909, On the grounds of the University of Chicago

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- Falling Water (Kaufmann House): F.L.Wright, 1936

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International Style Architecture and The Bauhaus
- Germany: The Bauhaus
-Improve aesthetic quality of manufacture goods,
- Cheaper
- More widely available
-Simplicity and harmony
- Integrate art and architecture into society
- The Bauhaus

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- United States: Mies van der Rohe
- Came to America in 1938
- Less is More
- Dramatic influence on the skyline of Chicago
- Skidmore Owings and Merrill designed the Sears Tower and John Hancock Center

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- Glass and Steel boxes
-Crown Hall, Art and Architecture Building ITT, Chicago NIB : Buildings designed by
Mies van ser Rohe

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Dadism (1916)
- Only in Switzerland
- Founded in Zurich by a group of WW1 refugees
- Named from a nonsense word
- Protested the madness of war
- The Dada artists felt that they couldn’t trust authority and wanted to overthrow it
- Their intent was to shock
- Meaningless art reflects the lack of meaning in modern society
- L.H.O.O.Q.: Marcel Duchamp, Sounds like “Look” spelled backwards its “kool” in french its translated to “she has a hot ass”

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- Fountain: Marcel Duchamp, 1917, ready-made object

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Modern Sculpture
- Henry Moore
- Based his sculpture on the biomorphic shapes
- Influenced by natural shells, pebbles, and…