José Gabriel García Márquez was born in the village of Aracataca, Colombia, in 1928. His parents were Gabriel Eligio García, telegraph and Luisa Márquez Iguarán Santiaga. Being very child was left in the care of his maternal grandparents, Colonel Nicolás Márquez Iguarán idol-his entire life-and Tranquilina Iguarán Cortés.
In 1936, when his grandfather died, he was sent to study in Barranquilla. In 1940, he traveled to Zipaquirá, where he received a scholarship to study high school, which ends in 1946. The following year he enrolled at the Faculty of Political Science at the National University and published in the newspaper "El Espectador" his story, "The first designation ". In 1950, he wrote a column in the newspaper "El Heraldo" of Barranquilla, under the pseudonym Septimus and in 1952 published the first chapter of "The Litter", his first novel in that diary in which he worked since 1956. In 1958, he married Mercedes Barcha. They have two sons, Rodrigo and Gonzalo.
Gabriel García Márquez, who is based in Mexico City since 1975, is a close friend of leading world figures was of Omar Torrijos and maintains strong ties with Fidel Castro, Carlos Andrés Pérez, François Mitterrand, the presidents of Mexico, Venezuela, Colombia and many others.
The December 11, 1982, after a unanimous vote of the 18 members of the Swedish Academy, was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature for his work.
The life and work of Nobel García Márquez has been publicly recognized: in 1961 he received the Esso Award in 1977, was honored at the XIII International Congress of Latin American Literature; in 1971, declared "Doctor Honoris Causa" by Columbia University in New York; In 1972, he won the Rómulo Gallegos Prize for his work "La Candida Erendira and Her Heartless Grandmother". In 1981, the French government awarded him the medal "Legion of Honor" in the degree of Grand Commander. That year he attended the possession of his friend and President François Mitterrand. In 1992, he was appointed jury of the Cannes Film Festival.
Gabriel García Márquez, who is now preparing a book titled "The most beautiful profession in the world" about journalism, at 66 is considered an important group of intellectuals as the world's most important living writer, as Sunday readings Weather of August 28, 1994.
Gabriel García Márquez published in 1978 the book "The Incredible and Sad Story of Candida Erendira and her Heartless Grandmother". This story is the title of a collection of seven short stories and named before: "A Very Old Man with Enormous Wings", "The Sea of Lost Time", "The Most Beautiful Drowned World", "Death Constant beyond Love "," The Last Voyage of the Ghost Ship "and" The Good Seller Blancaman Miracles ".
Analysis of the short story "A Very Old Man With Enormous Wings"
This story, written by Gabriel García Márquez tells the story of a man who appears in a fishing village, and is considered an angel, because of its huge wings. The news of the arrival of this "angel" (angel that had almost nothing. "I was dressed as a mop There were only a few faded hairs left on his bald skull and very few teeth in his mouth, and his pitiful condition grandfather ensopado he had any sense of grandeur ") is rapidly expanding among neighbors, and judgments are soon to appear: while the villagers consider him a true angel, the pastor is skeptical:". He reminded them that the devil had the bad habit of making use of carnival tricks to confuse the unwary. " It was further considered, miracle worker, and people came from all over to ask him his evil remedied. But all this just when it reaches the people a roving exhibition, with its spectacle of a woman who had become Spider disobey their parents. This show, "full of so much human truth and terrible punishment, had to defeat without trying to in a derogatory angel who scarcely deigned to look at…