e of human development the science that seeks to understand how and why people change or remain in the same over time. Developmentalists study people of all ages and circumstances. empirical based on observation, experience, or experiement; not theoretical. dynamic-systems theory a view of human development as always changing. ecological-systems approach a vision of how human development should be studied, with the person considered in all the contexts and interactions that constitute a life. butterfly effect the idea that a small effect or thing can have a large impact if it happens to tip the balance, causing other changes that create a major event. computer expert in a baseball cap cohort differences become most apparent when new technology appears. socioeconomic status (SES) a person's position in society as determined by income, wealth, occupation, education, place of residence, and other factors. the culture of poverty poor nutrition, substandard housing, average life xpectancy of 52 years. ethnic group people whose ancestors were born in the same region who often share a language, culture, and religion. race a group of people who are regarded (by themselves or others) as genetically distinct from other groups on the basis of physical appearance. social construction an idea that is built more on shared perceptions than on objective reality. (ex: childhood, adolescence, yuppies, senior citizens). mirror neurons brain cells that respond to actions performed by someone else, as if the observer had done that action. replication the repetition of a scientific study, using the same procedures on a similar (but not identical) group of participants, in order to verify, refine, or dispute the original study's conclusions experiment a research method in which the researcher tries to determine the cause-and-effect relationship between two variables by manipulating one variable (called the independent
Introduction to Psychology
November 19, 2013
Hindsight Bias Demonstrated in the Prediction of a Sporting Event
This study was conducted in classrooms with students that were currently enrolled in psychology classes that had previously analyzed hindsight bias. This study was conducted to examine hindsight bias in the context of a sporting event (Super Bowl XXXIII) with individuals who had previous knowledge of the hindsight bias. They were trying to answer the question of whether…
experiment. Your methods
and technique were sound, your notes comprehensive. Writing a report on it should be
easy, right? Organizing and presenting scientific findings, however, is rarely a simple task.
Let’s try to make it one.
If you’re reading this resource, then your reason for writing a lab report is most likely
because, well…your instructor told you to. Nonetheless, professional scientific writing serves
the same purpose that your lab report should. Good scientific writing explains…
Management has been studied by several theorists who learnt from their own practical experiences and then announced distinct doctrines, management styles and methods to manage. Brooks (2009) stated that classical schools had been recognized to be one of the most influential among all the schools. On the account of the traditional and scientific style of management, this research paper will analyze attitudes of managers towards their labor force based on the scientific management style…
construct, and analyze human behaviors and cognitions. This paper will explain the scientific method, distinguish between qualitative and quantitative data, provide an overview of the science of psychology, and describe the process of scientific theory, construction, and testing.
Science of Psychology
During the mid-1800’s, Wilhelm Wundt, a German physiologist investigated reaction times using research methods. He outlined many correlations between the study of human thought and behavior and…
taught many different theories and disciplines, but one of the new and recently accepted disciplines is Cognitive Psychology. Unlike other disciplines and theories, cognitive psychology is more based on experimentation and being able to use the scientific method. Cognitive psychology’s main focus is to explain to the psychologist or research student how an individual’s actions and thoughts can be explained by cognition. Cherry (2014), “Rather than focusing on things like reinforcement or the unconscious…
A well-written scientific paper explains the scientist's motivation for doing an experiment, the experimental design and execution, and the meaning of the results. Scientific papers are written in a style that is exceedingly clear and concise. Their purpose is to inform an audience of other scientists about an important issue and to document the particular approach they used to investigate that issue.
Please do not think that good English is not critical in science writing. In fact, scientists…
The Discovery of the Scientific Method.
Professor: Dr. David Munns
Professor’s office: New Building, 8th floor: 8.65.10
Semester: Fall 2013
Course Code: HIS: 131
Course Section: 01
Class time: 2nd 9:25am-10:40am
Office Hours: Mon and Wed 11-12noon
Professor’s phone and e-mail: (646) 557-4496: firstname.lastname@example.org
Course Description: From the Enlightenment until the present day, “the scientific method” (as the process is commonly referred to) has…
evidence, testing hypotheses, reaching evidence based conclusions. (Michael, 2002). The scientific process typically involves making observations, asking questions, forming hypotheses and testing hypotheses by way of well-structured experiments. (Science in Action’s Science Fair Projects & More, 2010-2011). The scientific method is steps used by many to find answers to questions they want to know. The scientific…
How to Write a Scientific Abstract
by Patrick Curtis
A scientific paper is broken down into 4 sections:
1. Introduction – all the background knowledge on your topic necessary for the reader to understand the details of your research. The Introduction has the general format of going from GENERAL to SPECIFIC. Usually, the introduction ends in your hypothesis, or at least a statement of the questions your research intends to address. 2. Materials and Methods – a step-by-step description of the…
Intro to Psychology: Chapter 1
1. Critical thinking in psychology can be described as a method as mentioned in the book to evaluate, compare, analyze, critique, and synthesize information. Critical thinking is a type of reflection. Critical thinkers often are open minded and more willingly to question and challenge specific ideas and beliefs with scientific explanation and observation. (2013) “Critical thinkers evaluate ideas by probing for weaknesses in their reasoning and analyzing the evidence…