e of human development the science that seeks to understand how and why people change or remain in the same over time. Developmentalists study people of all ages and circumstances. empirical based on observation, experience, or experiement; not theoretical. dynamic-systems theory a view of human development as always changing. ecological-systems approach a vision of how human development should be studied, with the person considered in all the contexts and interactions that constitute a life. butterfly effect the idea that a small effect or thing can have a large impact if it happens to tip the balance, causing other changes that create a major event. computer expert in a baseball cap cohort differences become most apparent when new technology appears. socioeconomic status (SES) a person's position in society as determined by income, wealth, occupation, education, place of residence, and other factors. the culture of poverty poor nutrition, substandard housing, average life xpectancy of 52 years. ethnic group people whose ancestors were born in the same region who often share a language, culture, and religion. race a group of people who are regarded (by themselves or others) as genetically distinct from other groups on the basis of physical appearance. social construction an idea that is built more on shared perceptions than on objective reality. (ex: childhood, adolescence, yuppies, senior citizens). mirror neurons brain cells that respond to actions performed by someone else, as if the observer had done that action. replication the repetition of a scientific study, using the same procedures on a similar (but not identical) group of participants, in order to verify, refine, or dispute the original study's conclusions experiment a research method in which the researcher tries to determine the cause-and-effect relationship between two variables by manipulating one variable (called the independent…
Practice activity 1
The scientific method
The Redi experiment disproved the spontaneous generation of maggots on meat through careful experimentation.
The scientific method:
1. Observation: The first step I did was look at a picture and make an observation. I observed different types of meat that had flies and/or maggots on them.
2. Ask a question: The second strep was to ask a question while observing the picture. I asked “how long the meat has been sitting…
sets up Kuhn as popular in culture
Initiated the word paradigm. A heavily influential concept in society.
While popper has had an enormous influence on science his philosophy is heavily misunderstood. “all science is an attempt to refute”- the scientific community only sees the importance of falsifiability, science is permanently open minded. Popper has the idea that if we don’t take his claim, we are closed minded. But he faces the problem of wholsm- the theory or hypothesis has observational…
The scientific method is a systematic, organized series of steps that ensures maximum objectivity and consistency in researching a problem.
Step 1 – Define the problem:
Clearly state what you hope to investigate. Develop an operational definition, which is an explanation of an abstract concept that is specific enough to allow a researcher to assess the concept.
Step 2 – Review the literature:
Researchers refine the problem under study, clarify possible techniques to…
Film reflection of “Contact”
The film focuses on a female scientists Ellie who believed in science pursuing scientific answers, in the story she firmly believed that there is life on other planets. She broke through many difficulties and eventually visited “other planets.” In a short visit, she passed many time-spaces, saw the beautiful and vast space world, and saw her father. But when she tried to prove herself what she saw and heard after she woke up, she could not find…
Research Methods and Techniques
Term 2 2012/13
Dr Eleanor Davies (module leader)
Research Methods and Techniques
The aim of this module is to provide students with a substantial body of knowledge relating to the principles of research design and of how methods of data collection and analysis relate to the design of a research investigation. Students will be encouraged to practice the design…
CASE STUDY # 1
UNCOVERING THE SOURCE OF A COMA
PREPARED BY: ALLANTE WEBB
The purpose of this case study is to apply the scientific method by making empirical observations, formulating a hypothesis, testing the hypothesis, revising the hypothesis, and eventually asserting a theory.
LG is a 35 year old woman who came into the emergency room with numerous of symptoms. She had stiff muscles and has shortness of breath. LG was also sweaty…
history of concepts and terms and how they are currently used in science
2. Formal Logic
3. Scientific Method
• How is Empiricism defined?
- Dependence on evidence.
- Empiricism is the view that knowledge is derived from our experiences throughout our lives.
- Scientific statements are subject to and derived from our experiences or observations.
Scientific Realism and Instrumentalism
• How is Instrumentalism defined?
- In the philosophy of science…
Introduction to Psychology
November 19, 2013
Hindsight Bias Demonstrated in the Prediction of a Sporting Event
This study was conducted in classrooms with students that were currently enrolled in psychology classes that had previously analyzed hindsight bias. This study was conducted to examine hindsight bias in the context of a sporting event (Super Bowl XXXIII) with individuals who had previous knowledge of the hindsight bias. They were trying to answer the question of whether…
The Scientific Method
University of Phoenix
The Scientific Method
The scientific method was applied in this activity by first witnessing the problem, I chose the car experiment. First the car did not start even though it was working fine the previous day. So I came up with a QUESTION: Why is the car not starting. Then I developed my HYPOTHESIS; the car is probably not starting because the battery might be dead. So if the battery is dead, I PREDICTED that the car…