According to Eysenck, the basic dimensions of psychology are introversion-extraversion, neuroticism, and psychoticism (Cervone & Pervin, 2013). Introversion and extraversion are two of the major personality traits identified in many different theories of personality. People who are defined as introverted tend to be focused more on internal thoughts, feelings, or moods rather than seeking outside stimulation, while people who are seen as extraverts tend to be more social, assertive, and more easily excited by external stimulation. Having an introverted personality does not necessarily mean the person is shy or afraid of social situations, but rather simply prefer to spend more time alone and do not need as much social stimulation. According to the authors, extraversion is probably the most studied of all traits because relevant behaviors are relatively easy to observe (Cervone & Pervin, 2013). Personality theorists have found many examples of behavior differences in those who are introverts compared to extraverts. Some examples include that introverts are more sensitive to pain than extraverts; they become more easily fatigued; excitement interferes with their performance while it enhances performance for extraverts; introverts tend to do better in school; extraverts are often more sexually active than introverts, etc. (Cervone & Pervin, 2013). Even though people tend to lean towards one or the other, many theories of personality state that everyone has a degree of both introversion and extraversion. Hans Eysenck described extraversion-introversion as the degree to which a person is outgoing and interactive with other people. He suggested that individual variations in introversion-extraversion reflect individual differences in the neurophysiological functioning of the brain’s cortex (Cervone & Pervin, 2013). He also generated relevant evidence towards there being a biological dimension, which means that introversion and extraversion should be at least somewhat hereditary. Studies of identical and fraternal twins commonly suggest that hereditary does play a major role in accounting for differences between individuals in E scores (Cervone & Pervin, 2013). This is related to my life because I have an identical twin, and although we have similar personalities, we differ in certain traits. Being identical we share about 100% of our genes which means that many of our differences is probably due to experiences that one of us has without the other involved. We shared many aspects of our environment growing up such as parenting style, wealth, culture, education, and community. Even though we are amazingly similar, close friends and family members can still easily tell us apart. Although we share many of the same friends, our own personal interactions we have with these people have shaped us into our own people. Also, after elementary school, we were not always in the same classes so we had different experiences in the way we learned and interacted with others. This means that these non-shared environmental experiences were crucial to developing our own distinct personalities. To shed light on this on why nature vs nurture plays such a key role in personality development, a group of scientists observed 40 genetically identical mice that were kept in an enclosure that offered a…
stable predisposition to behave in a specific way. The “Big Five” is factors of personality that represents five core traits that interact to form human personality. These traits were Conscientiousness, Agreeableness, Neuroticism, Openness, and Extraversion. Psychologist, Gordon Allport believed that every individual was unique and categorized their traits in three levels: Cardinal Traits (traits that dominate an individual’s whole life), Central Traits (general characteristics that form the basic…
The Relationship Between Extraversion and Time Perception: A Correlational Study
Eysenck stated that extraverts need more stimulation (e.g. engaging, loud, exciting situations) for optimal performance, whereas introverts require minimal stimulation (e.g. quiet isolation). Does the extravert’s reliance on constant activity mean that they will underestimate a period of time if they are not in a stimulating situation? Will introverts appreciate the lack of stimulation and overestimate that…
collective mind. The fourth type is persona it protects the ego from bad images. Jung also created theories of introversion and extraversion. “Extroverts have an ego that faces more towards the persona,” (Admin, 2009 p. 1) and “introverts have an ego that faces more towards the collective unconscious and their archetypes.” (Admin, 2009 p. 1) Jung’s theory of introversion and extraversion made contributions to “personality psychology and also influenced psychotherapy.” (Cherry, n.d. p. 1)…
The Five Factor Personality Test (FFPI) examines five different domains including Extraversion versus introversion, Agreeableness versus antagonism, Conscientiousness versus negligence, Neuroticism versus emotional stability, and Openness versus closedness to experience (Buchanan, Johnson & Goldberg, 2005; Trull, 2012). This specific test has received research and empirical support. According to Clark (2007) the FFPI corresponds with both normal and abnormal personality traits, and is also broadly…
Humanmetrics Jung Typology Test™
Extravert (56%) Sensing (12%) Judging (44%)
• You have moderate preference of Extraversion over Introversion (56%)
• You have slight preference of Sensing over Intuition (12%)
• You have moderate preference of Feeling over thinking (50%)
• You have moderate preference of Judging over Perceiving (44%)
ESFJ (Extravert + Sensing + Feeling + Judging) = Feeling takes charge of life and feeling dominates; as feeling is a judging process, they…
and extraversion personality traits are factors that can influence the effects of using wireless information resources on work and personal domains.
* Extraverts can be characterised as sociable and outgoing (Ewen, 2003).
* Internet misuse has been associated to the extraversion personality trait (Wyatt et al, 2005) hence the reason positive psychosocial effects occur as a result of individuals using the device for sociable and non-work related activities. Those high in extraversion are…
results of the assessment. I will give you my opinion of the results based on a biblical standing. I hope by explaining and giving my point of view that you will create your own.
According to the results I have a moderate preference of Extraversion over Introversion (33%). I also have a moderate preference of Feeling over Thinking (25%). I have a slight preference of Intuition over Sensing (12%). Finally, I have a moderate preference of Judging over Perceiving (56%). These are my result from the assessment…
Jung Marriage Test™
Introvert(11%) Sensing(25%) Thinking(50%) Judging(11%)
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slight preference of Introversion over Extraversion (11%)
moderate preference of Sensing over Intuition (25%)
moderate preference of Thinking over Feeling (50%)
slight preference of Judging over Perceiving (11%)
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Maslow hierarchy of needs. A theory of psychological health predicted on fulfilling innate human needs.
Proposed development concepts of the collective unconscious, archetypes and extraversion and introversion. His work has been influential, not only in psychology but also in philosophy, anthropology, archaeology, literature and religious studies.
Argued that everyone has their own perception of things.…
Intro to Psych
Personality Assessment Assignment
My Human Metrics Jung Typology Test told me that I have a moderate preference of Extraversion over Introversion, which was kind of shocking to me. The definition of an Extrovert is somebody who is very social and emotionally expressive. Where I am a very quiet person and not as social, but I am a very outgoing person and would do almost anything to help others out. Where as an Introvert is more sociable around…