Essay about Inventors: Industrial Revolution and United Kingdom

Submitted By Gaberdoodle
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The Inventors of the Industrial Revolution
Using your textbook and/or the web, complete this chart.

Inventor

Country From?
Famous Invention and What It Did (How it Worked)

Year of Invention

How It Changed Society

Henry Bessemer

United Kingdom
The Bessemer Converter; the first inexpensive process for making steel. It was an egg-shaped machine that made steel

1856
During the industrial revolution, which relied heavily on steel, the Bessemer Converter was able to mass produce steel faster, cheaper, and easier than ever before

James Watt

United Kingdom
The Watt Steam Engine; took the original look of the steam engine and made if more efficient by adding a separate condenser

1764
Many vehicles and things were powered by steam engines (boats, locomotives, factories) and Watt improved the steam engine to be more reliable

Eli Whitney

America

Cotton gin; a machine that drastically increased the speed of removing speeds from cotton fiber

Invented 1793; patented 1807

Cotton was and still is a huge material that is used in many products. Thus, this invention sped up the process and was able to produce more ready-to-use cotton at a very efficient rate

James Hargreaves

United Kingdom

Spinning Jenny; a machine that reduced the amount of work it took to produce yarn

1764

Like cotton, yarn is a very important material, and the Spinning Jenny no only allowed easier production of yarn but also much faster production as it allowed for eight or more spools to be spun at once

Edward Jenner

United Kingdom
The first vaccine; created it to protect his family and others from the dreadful chicken pox that was spreading

1796

At this time, the chicken pox was horrific and spreading like crazy, but the vaccine introduced by Edward Jenner helped prevent people from having to obtain the disease.

Louis Pasteur

France
The germ theory of disease; a theory stating that all infectious diseases came from microorganisms (germs)

1861
With little known about diseases and germs, this theory and research provided new grounds for discovery and prevention in that humans now knew where diseases and sickness came from

Inventor

Country From?

Famous Invention and What It Did (How it Worked)

Year of Invention

How It Changed Society

Thomas Edison

America

The light bulb; it was a bulb that gave off light through electricity

1880

It enabled people to work longer hours since the light bulb lasted so long; they also provided great light for working or just seeing in general

Henry Ford

America

Assembly Line; a line a people assembled different parts to a piece as it passed down the line until complete

1913

The assembly line allowed for a faster,…