Covalent bonding- describe the bonds in compounds that result from the sharing of one or more pairs of electrons
Water is an example of a covalent bond. It is polar.
Explanation of how periodic trends affect bonding:
Periodic trends affect bonding, because of how the elements are arranged on the periodic table. For example elements can be arranged by their electronegative, electron affinity, atomic radius, or ionization energy. Electronegative is the atoms ability to attract other bonded atoms. Electron affinity is an atoms ability to attract another atom. The atomic radius is the radius of an elements atom. Ionization energy is the energy it takes to remove an atom from another atom. Other periodic trends are when the attraction of the atoms for the pair of bonding electrons is different, this is polar