A. Interpretation- the Earth’s Oceans are the 5 major oceans
NALMS 14 – North American Lake Management Society, “WATER WORDS GLOSSARY”, http://www.nalms.org/home/publications/water-words-glossary/O.cmsx
Generally, the whole body of salt water which covers nearly three fourths of the surface of the globe. The average depth of the ocean is estimated to be about 13,000 feet (3,960 meters); the greatest reported depth is 34,218 feet (10,430 meters), north of Mindanao in the Western Pacific Ocean. The ocean bottom is a generally level or gently undulating plain, covered with a fine red or gray clay, or, in certain regions, with ooze of organic origin. The water, whose composition is fairly constant, contains on the average 3 percent of dissolved salts; of this solid portion, common salt forms about 78 percent, magnesium salts 15-16 percent, calcium salts 4 percent, with smaller amounts of various other substances. The density of ocean water is about 1.026 (relative to distilled water, or pure H2O). The oceans are divided into the Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Arctic, and Antarctic Oceans.
And, the federal government is the central government, distinguished from the states
OED 89 (Oxford English Dictionary, 2ed. XIX, p. 795)
b. Of or pertaining to the political unity so constituted, as distinguished from the separate states composing it.
B. Violation- the IOOS is not limited to USFG action- it includes state, regional, and private sectors
IOOS report to congress 13 [Official US IOOS report sent to congress. 2013, “U.S. Integrated Ocean Observing System (U.S. IOOS) 2013 Report to Congress,” http://www.ioos.noaa.gov/about/governance/ioos_report_congress2013.pdf //jweideman]
U.S. IOOS works with its eyes on the future. The successes of U.S. IOOS are achieved through cooperation and coordination among Federal agencies, U.S. IOOS Regional Associations, State and regional agencies, and the private sector. This cooperation and coordination requires a sound governance and management structure. In 2011 and 2012, program milestones called for in U.S. IOOS legislation were achieved, laying the groundwork for more success in the future. First, the U.S. IOOS Advisory Committee was established. Second, the Independent Cost Estimate was delivered to Congress. As part of the estimate, each of the 11 U.S. IOOS Regional Associations completed 10-year build-out plans, describing services and products to address local user needs and outlining key assets required to meet the Nation’s greater ocean-observing needs.
And, the IOOS also applies to the Great Lakes
NOS and NOAA 14 [Federal Agency Name(s): National Ocean Service (NOS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Department of Commerce Funding Opportunity Title: FY2014 Marine Sensor and Other Advanced Observing Technologies Transition Project. “ANNOUNCEMENT OF FEDERAL FUNDING OPPORTUNITY EXECUTIVE SUMMARY,” http://www.ioos.noaa.gov/funding/fy14ffo_msi_noaa_nos_ioos_2014_2003854.pdf //jweideman]
1. Marine Sensor Transition Topic: U.S. IOOS seeks to increase the rate that new or existing marine sensor technologies are transitioned into operations mode in order to facilitate the efficient collection of ocean, coastal and Great Lakes observations. The Marine Sensor Transition topic is focused on transitioning marine sensors from research to operations mode to meet the demonstrated operational needs of end-users. Letters of Intent (LOIs) are being solicited for this topic with particular emphasis on a) projects comprised of multi-sector teams of partners, b) projects that will meet the demonstrated operational needs of end-users, and c) sensors that are at or above TRL 6. Applicants with sensors for ocean acidification that are at or above TRL 6 are also eligible to apply to this topic if they have strong commitments for operational transition
C. Voting issue for fairness and ground- extra topicality forces the neg to waste time debating T just to get