Is life in Ghana getting better? Development is a process of changing to improve people’s lives. We can measure this economically and by human development. Economic development is the measure of a country’s wealth and also how it’s generated. Human development is the measure of access the population has to wealth, jobs, education, healthcare, nutrition and safety alongside the population and cultural freedom.
There are eight Millenium Development Goals (MDG’s) set for Ghana to help improve the lives of the poorest and most disadvantaged people in Ghana. They were set in 1990 and are hoping to be reached by 2015. These goals are MDG 1. Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger; MDG 2. Achieve universal Primary Education; MDG 3. Promote gender equality and empower women; MDG 4. Reduce child immortality; MDG 5. Improve maternal health; MDG
6. Combat HIV/AIDs, Malaria and other diseases; MDG 7. Ensure environmental sustainability and MDG 8. Global partnership for development. MDG 1 was to halve the amount of people suffering from hunger and poverty. Ghana have already reduced hunger by 70% and have nearly halved the amount of people in poverty. The target for extreme poverty was reached in 2006 however 1.2 billion people are still living in extreme poverty. MDG 2 was for all children to be enrolled and progressing to finish primary school, they have managed 84% of children in primary school know but not all children complete their whole primary education.MDG 3 was for girls and boys to have equal access and opportunity throughout their education, however in Ghana at the moment, although they are on a steady path, 10% more boys than girls complete their primary education. MDG 4 is to reduce the number of children dying before their 5th birthday by twothirds. By 2010 they had only managed 32% and it is unlikely they are going to meet the target for 2015. MDG 5 to reduce the maternal death rate by 75%. In 2010 Ghana managed to reduce the death rate by 50% so it is expected to be met in 2015. MDG 6 they only managed to lower the number by 0.4% , however, this is data from 2007. MDG 7. was to improve the lives of millions of slum dwellers, give 50% of the world access to safe water and basic sanitation(toilets), reduce biodiversity loss and reverse environmental resource loss. In
Ghana 80% of people have access to clean water, whereas in 1990 only 56% had access.
Over 2 million people know have access to clean water. However, only 13% have toilets.
MDG 8 is to develop fairer trade rules, reduce debt for poorer countries, share new technologies and drugs with the poorest countries. In 2009 5.3% were using internet compared to 0% in 1995, so they have done well, however, in Sudan the percentage of people using internet rose by 8.7%. Ghana has also achieved a low debt burden.
So far Ghana has already met MDG 1 and 7 and is on track to reaching MDGs 2 and
5. All the MDGs work together to create a safer environment for the children of Ghana to grow up and be educated in. Once hunger is eradicated then the health is also improved and once health is improved the maternity death rates are lowered then more children have the support they need. Once they have a stronger structure of population, technology and health then they can also start to work on more developments. However, if MDG 5 is not met then this
Crystal Chan 9LG
affects MDGs 2, 3 and 4 since the children of Ghana would lose their mothers or even die with their mothers and the population would drop.
Life in Ghana has improved a lot over the 20 years, they have begun to advance in gender empowerment between all ages and a new economy. Recently Ghana became a middle income country and they have achieved a stable democratic governance. Poverty in
Ghana has been reduced immensely as well as hunger. Now, half the amount children who were underweight are healthy but extra effort is still needed to help with extreme