Isaac Newton became famous for his numerous contributions to science and mathematics, most notably his discovery and outlining of the laws of motion in physics and the invention of calculus in mathematics. Newton published various works that became well known among scholars during his lifetime, and his influence continued to remain significant centuries after his death. The basic laws of motion discovered by Newton centuries ago still hold value for those studying physics. The laws of motion describe the relationship between an object and the forces acting upon it, and how these forces affect the motion of the object. There are three laws of motion described by Newton: an object at rest remains at rest unless acted on by an external