Islamic art encompasses the visual arts produced from the 7th century onwards by people who lived within the territory that was inhabited by or ruled by culturally Islamic populations. It is thus a very difficult art to define because it covers many lands and various peoples over some 1400 years; it is not art specifically of a religion, or of a time, or of a place, or of a single medium like painting. The huge field of Islamic architecture is the subject of a separate article, leaving fields as varied as Calligraphy, painting, glass, ceramics, and textiles, among others. Arabic calligraphy was considered the most prestigious art for many Muslims and the most commonly found one as well. This art is commonly found in Mosque’s, Monuments and Cathedrals. Islamic art developed from many resources: Roman, Early Christian art, and Byzantine styles were taken over in early Islamic art and architecture. Central Asian style were brought in with various nomadic incursion, and Chinese influences had a formative effect on Islamic painting, pottery and textiles.
With the spread of Islam, the Arabic alphabet was adapted by several non-Arab nations for writing their own language. In Iran, Arabic letters were used to write Farsi, with the additional of four letters to represent. The Ottoman Turks also used Arabic until 1929 and added their own letter as well.
From the early days of Arabic Calligraphy in 5th or 6th century, the Arabic alphabet developed enormously after