Throughout the history of the world, people have been searching for ways to work together, to make life easier. Some get the better end of the deal, and others are left behind just trying to survive. Over the course of history, because of ethical values, and a utilitarian mindset the world has begun to be a farer place. In this report I will show how J.S Mill has been a forerunner in an optimific lifestyle, and how consequentialism has shaped our world today.
What is consequentialism? Consequentialism is the idea that the morality of one’s actions are judged by the outcomes/consequences. When a police officer, or a firefighter wakes up every morning to go and save the lives of others, that has a positive effect on multiple people’s lives. On
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Mill, J. S. (2008). Utilitarianism, In J. Bennett (Ed. & Rev.) Early Modern Philosophy. Retrieved from http://www.earlymoderntexts.com/pdfs/mill1863.pdf
Mosser, K. (2013). Understanding philosophy [Electronic version]. Retrieved from https://content.ashford.edu/
Outline of the subject matter of this course: 4 units, each reflecting a different approach to normative philosophical ethics:
1. Teleological/Consequentialist Ethics: Utilitarianism and egoism. Readings by Jeremy Bentham, John Stuart Mill, Bishop Joseph Butler; critique by Dostoevsky; some relevant contemporary feminist reflections by Marilyn Frye.
2. Deontological ethics: Immanuel Kant: Sections 1 and 2 of the Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals; Kant's notorious essay "On…