The film Billy Elliot, directed by Stephen Daldry, focuses on the life of eleven year old Billy Elliot and his struggle to become a ballet dancer. The social problems surrounding Billy when he is living at home are labor strikes and especially gender norms. His father and older brother were on job strike and the film depicts how hard it had already been for his father to pay for Billy’s boxing classes, yet alone “waste” that money on ballet. Ballet was considered to be feminine, not because females were born dancing in tutus, but because society made ballet and dance feminine. At the same time society made being tough and doing physical sports masculine. In one particular scene during the beginning of the film, Billy is in boxing class in a match while his dad is watching. Billy is distracted by the music from the ballet class sharing the gymnasium and is knocked to the ground by the other boy. The boxing coach tells Billy that he is a disgrace to his gloves and his father. Because Billy is not good at doing what is considered manly, he is considered a disgrace to his father. His father, who holds the same gender norms, feels the same way about Billy’s boxing inabilities. This film portrays going outside of gender norms not only by Billy but by others in the surrounding society as well. When his father finds out about Billy attending ballet classes he puts an end to it and explains to Billy how he should be doing things like playing football, boxing, and wrestling because “that’s what lads do.” Billy’s father and brother constantly follow gender norms through the movie. They are constantly swearing and fighting the police for increased wages, Billy’s father even punches his brother in the face in one scene of the film. These previously listed are all considered to be masculine things to do. Other characters in the film who find out about Billy’s ballet call him names like “sissy” and “a poof” which translates to “fag”. All of these things are telling Billy that he shouldn’t be doing ballet and he even calls his friend Michael “a poof” for helping Billy warm his hands inside his jacket. Although Michael was doing nothing more wrong than Billy, he still went outside of gender norms and was criticized for doing so. The social problem is accurately portrayed in Billy Elliot by all of the men in the film being involved in either mining or on the police force. Both of these are masculine in society today and the women and young girls in the film are portrayed doing ballet. These are gender roles that society has assigned to the individual sexes. This separation between what men and women do for a living is occupational sex segregation. Occupational sex segregation is the sex typing of jobs and the concentration of women or men into most fields (as explained in the class lecture on Oct. 10, 2013). The fact that most ballet dancers are females and most miners are male is a fact that is depicted accurately in this film. However, since objective data, such as that in the powerpoint presentation from class on Gender Inequality, shows wage gaps favor work given to men by occupational sex segregation.There is no objective data that supports harm to society by Billy being forbid to do ballet. Women on average make 75% of what men make on average. But in this film, ballet, a woman’s role, is considered more prestigious and has a higher wage compared to his other option of being a miner, especially after the union gave in to the lower wages. There are certain things that a society expects of men that are different from what they expect of women. That is why Billy’s friend, Michael, tells Billy about how his father dresses up in his wife’s dresses and puts on makeup when he thinks that everyone is out. He does this because it’s something that he enjoys and there is no objective harm behind him doing it but because it is seen negatively by society, he tries to his cross dressing so he will not be criticized.…
Tema, Jetur, Naphish and Kedemah. Although all of these tribes were fathered by Ishmael, he still wasn’t the son of covenant because the covenant was established through Isaac. Isaac had two sons with his wife Rebekah and they named them Jacob and Esau. Jacob became a father of twelve sons and one daughter with his wives, Rachel and Leah and their maidservants. Jacob’s sons became the patriarchs of the twelve tribes of the nation of Israel and his name was changed to Israel as well. The other son…
Jacobs & Delany
“’This is deplorable! If these people had decent homes and a more private or bosky outdoor place, they wouldn’t be on the street.’” This quote is the epitome of the negative representation Jane Jacobs tackles about cities in her book, The Death and Life of Great American Cities. Likewise, author Samuel R. Delany also discusses in his book, Times Square Red Times Square Blue, the misconception people have about the Times Square District…
Jacob Hyung Joon Seo
4 September 2013
Self-image is how one may perceive their physical features in a positive or negative way. Many things can affect an individual’s idea or view on his/her body’s visual features. For example, magazines and modern models can be misinterpreted to contain or represent the perfect shape a person should have to be socially accepted. The most affected group that has been targeted is the younger teenage females. Studies have shown that…
Bearded Dragon Diet
Name: Jacob Bartlett
School: LISA Academy
Grade: 9 DUKE
Sponsor: Mr. Metin
City/State: Little Rock, AR
Table of Contents
Data Tables 11
Applications & Further Research 15
The purpose of this project is to train a bearded…
Based on the HBS case of John Jacob Astor, six possible root causes of his success are summarized as follow.
1. Human resources. The most suitable candidates are chosen in his business and even in his life. For instance, two veterans of the American Fur Company (AFC) brought in by him took the great responsibility in the reviving of the company after the War of 1812. His wife, Sarah Astor, helped him build his business foundation based on her connections in New York.
Jacob: From Child to Man
Jacob, the father of the twelve tribes of Israel, didn’t start out being a great man. In his youth, he was a scoundrel and a trickster. Some translations even say that trickster is what his name means. As the narrative continues, however, it seems that Jacob, like all young people must, matures and leaves his childish and mischievous ways behind. He becomes an honorable, God-fearing man who does right by his family and honors and obeys his God.
Jacob, a scoundrel…
Jane Jacobs and Sidewalks
Jane Jacobs, an urban writer and activist, claimed how to improve cities and why some failed in “The Death and Life of Great American Cities”. Since the publishing of the book in 1961, her ideas have shaped how urban areas are planned and perceived (“Jane Jacobs.”). Her observations and theses are counter-intuitive to what is most commonly assumed about the success of cities. She uses statistics, personal experiences, and…
Jacob Riis: The renowned Muckraker
Jacob Riis was a journalist and social documentary photographer. He is known for using his photographic and journalistic talents to help the impoverished in New York City; those impoverished New Yorkers were the subject of most of his prolific writings and photography.
As one of the most famous proponents of the newly practicable casual photography, he is considered one of the fathers of photography due to his very early adoption of flash in photography…
March 2, 2015
Throughout all my years of schooling, I have always attended public school that did not require a dress code. At the time, I didn’t see any problem with it because it was how I was raised. When I met my fiancé, I learned that she went to a private Catholic school growing up where she had to wear a uniform for their dress code every day. My first reaction was to think that must have been horrible. Didn’t they get tired of wearing…
William Carlos Williams: Craft Annotation
The poet William Carlos Williams stands apart as one of the most influential poets of modern times. Williams' poetic voice composes a unique picture in which the reader is immersed in the poet's world of sensory perception. Williams believed that everything in our lives, no matter how simple, can be organized into poetic verse. Through Williams' rather simplistic straightforward language and observations he speaks directly to ordinary individuals. Williams'…