Jazz History shortlist Essay

Submitted By mikecelt
Words: 365
Pages: 2

JAZZ
Origins: Multicultural population of New Orleans
Gospels and Spirituals
African Drumming
Caribbean Rhythms
European Music Tradition
Military Band Music
Ragtime: Popular between 1895 and 1918. Its most important characteristic is the syncopate rhythm. It is a sort of modification of the "march" rhythm. Scott Joplin is perhaps the most celebrated musician associated with Ragtime.
Blues: Blues could be defined as secular negro spiritual.
Important Names
Sippie Wallace
Bessie Smith
EARLY JAZZ
Important Names
Buddy Bolden (cornet)
Jerry Roll Morton (piano)
Louis Armstrong (trumpet)
Dixieland band (the first jazz recording made in 1917, by a white band in New York)
SWING ERA (1935-1945): Rise of Big-band music, which now functions as a form of entertainment. Most of Jazz idioms settled in this period. Duple meter and
(especially) quadruple meter are widely used. Extremely colorful orchestration by
Duke Ellington changed the discourse of this music.
Important Names
Duke Ellington (pianist, composer, arranger)
Bennie Goodman (clainet)
Artie Shaw (clarinet)
Chick Webb (drums)
Count Basie (piano)
BEBOP
Rather than making music for dance and entertainment, some jazz musicians became more concerned about making music for music. Giving more space for free expression and creativity. A continuous, upbeat style of Bebop provided space for new harmonies, extremely virtuoso style of playing and recreating the song in each solo. Having a distinctive sound is the core concern of a bebop musician… The music emerged from the jam sessions.
Combo: Combination of instruments, such as trio, quartet, etc.Typical…