Origins: Multicultural population of New Orleans
Gospels and Spirituals
European Music Tradition
Military Band Music
Ragtime: Popular between 1895 and 1918. Its most important characteristic is the syncopate rhythm. It is a sort of modiﬁcation of the "march" rhythm. Scott Joplin is perhaps the most celebrated musician associated with Ragtime.
Blues: Blues could be deﬁned as secular negro spiritual.
Buddy Bolden (cornet)
Jerry Roll Morton (piano)
Louis Armstrong (trumpet)
Dixieland band (the ﬁrst jazz recording made in 1917, by a white band in New York)
SWING ERA (1935-1945): Rise of Big-band music, which now functions as a form of entertainment. Most of Jazz idioms settled in this period. Duple meter and
(especially) quadruple meter are widely used. Extremely colorful orchestration by
Duke Ellington changed the discourse of this music.
Duke Ellington (pianist, composer, arranger)
Bennie Goodman (clainet)
Artie Shaw (clarinet)
Chick Webb (drums)
Count Basie (piano)
Rather than making music for dance and entertainment, some jazz musicians became more concerned about making music for music. Giving more space for free expression and creativity. A continuous, upbeat style of Bebop provided space for new harmonies, extremely virtuoso style of playing and recreating the song in each solo. Having a distinctive sound is the core concern of a bebop musician… The music emerged from the jam sessions.
Combo: Combination of instruments, such as trio, quartet, etc.Typical