Learning Outcome 1 1.1 Explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development from birth to 19 years. From the ages of 0 to 19 the predictable pattern of development is based on 5 identifiable areas. They include social, physical, intellectual, communication and emotional. The most important factor in these areas is that they are identified as being ‘holistic’, which means that they are all interlinked with one another. In other words one aspect may impact the other causing negative or positive effects on the child’s development. I have chosen to identify the areas in groups to emphasise how they are linked together in many aspects as follows. The social, emotional and behavioural areas of child development: This area of development is based on the social input and output of a child’s behaviour. It focuses on how the child interacts and relates to others and how a child feels about themself as an individual. The social area also allows the child to become independent and learn to rely on themselves and also how to interact as part of a network of other children or adults. It is also important because the child learns to follow a common social pattern of behaviour but also develops and individuality to maintain their confidence in a safe environment and will develop healthily in the social grounds of life. Some examples of this is being able to co-operate with others, learning to develop self-expression and what others feel also considering things like ‘taking turns’. The social also links with the emotional because social factors of a child’s development can have an influence on the child’s emotional levels of interaction depending on how they have been affected, positively or negatively. Thus their behaviours and mannerisms will also change and the child will either deter in their development or progress. The communicational and intellectual development: It is undisputable that these two areas are highly linked simply because to gain intellect (or to learn) a child must have an idea of language, therefore to communicate a child must have a certain amount of intellect. Through these two areas a child will develop skills in language and understanding and how to communicate their ideas and emotions to others. In these two areas a child can develop skills like using language to explain reasons, learn to solve problems and make decisions, develop skills like creative or imaginative and how to use different skills in different ways. However arguments given from psychologists have differed because some people believe children have different learning techniques which they respond to. Children have different strengths and abilities. The argument is based on the ‘nature Vs nurture’ debate, which is that some children have natural abilities and some believe that it depends on the circumstances they are given. So people must bear in mind when we approach children with different learning techniques. The physical area of child development: This is a natural development which a child will learn automatically as they grow. Even though a child will learn to walk after crawling it is essential that some physical aspects in children’s development must be guided and supported. This guidance is essential also for a child’s confidence and creative skills. A child will learn to gain general and hand-eye coordination which are known as ‘’fine motor skills’ (using small muscles); which are things like using a pencil on paper or using a knife and fork to feed themselves. Or developing what is known as ‘gross motor skills’ (using larger muscles) to learn to run or jump or climb. Although this area is highlighted on as being important it can also be affected by other areas also so it is essential that there is guidance in order that the child builds on their physical skills. Jean Piaget (1896-10980) a Swiss philosopher developed the theory of Cognitive Development. He grouped the areas of child development (SPICE) into age
Jean Piaget’s Theory
Maria Montessori and Jean Piaget are two educational philosophers whose theories are still being used and influence today’s educational system. Their theories and methods were revolutionary for their times, but they came to be greatly respected. Both of these theorist developed their own stages of child development and were able to base education on these stages. Although in many ways Piaget and Montessori were very similar in their…
NEEDS (SEN) DIPLOMA COURSE
Assignment One Question Three
Jean Piaget was born in Switzerland on August 9th, 1896. He was the oldest of three children, and the only boy. His father was Arthur Piaget, a professor of medieval literature. His mother was Rebecca Jackson, and his godfather was the Swiss scholar Samuel Cornut. In 1923, he married Valentine Chatenay. The couple had three children, Jacqueline, Lucienne, and Laurent. Piaget died in Geneva on September 16, 1980, after a brilliant scientific…
by Saul McLeod published 2009, updated2012
Jean Piaget (1896 - 1980) was employed at the Binet Institute in the 1920s, where his job was to develop French versions of questions on English intelligence tests.
He became intrigued with the reasons children gave for their wrong answers on the questions that required logical thinking. He believed that these incorrect answers revealed important differences between the thinking of adults and children.
Piaget (1936) was the first psychologist…
JEAN PIAGET and THE FOUR MAJOR STAGES OF COGNITIVE THEORY
The patriarch of cognitive theory was Jean Piaget(1896-1980). Piaget was a biologist, who became interested in human thinking while working to evaluate the results of child intelligence tests. As Piaget worked he noted the correlation between the child's age and the type of error they made. Intrigued by the discovery that certain errors occurred predictably at certain age, he began to focus his time and energy…
aspects of the world around a child.!
• Piaget’s theory argues that children are
born with a basic mental structure
which is inherited and evolves over
• They link various mental depictions of
the world which people use to
understand and explain the world
• Piaget’s research was a fresh start for
how we see children intellectual growth
and thought processes.!
• Piaget believed Schema’s were stored
for future reference. !
• Piaget was worried education was…
that special education children have strong areas, and rather than focuses on their weak areas and what they cannot accomplish, they can focus on their strong areas and bettering those.
Jean Piaget’s theory of cognitive development studied knowledge and how individuals acquired and used knowledge. Piaget thought that there were four factors that effected cognitive development (Webb, 2001, p.93). The nervious system and endocrine system have to develop physical abilities, proper and organizational…
It was originally known as a developmental stage theory but it actually deals with how people acquire, construct and gain knowledge. According to the child psychologist himself, Jean Piaget stated that children progress through a series of four cognitive developmental stages. These steps define how children come to understand the world. Jean Piaget claimed that children are always trying to explore and discover new things around them. Through Piaget's observation of children, as well as his own,…
also going to talk about the influence of child development within three theorists, these three theorists are Maria Montessori, Lev Yvgotsky and Jean Piaget. Once I have explained each theorist and their theory, I will then explain and describe how each of the theories link to practice in placement school.
A child’s development is influenced by a large range of factors. This could include their background, health and the environment to which the child is growing up in will also have a vast impact…
of development charts is only the beginning of the process of understanding a child. Now look at what each theorist has to say about child development.
Theories and approaches
You are ready to make theoretical links when you have found and discussed appropriate child development milestones.
The following pages summarise the main theories of a number of child development theorists.
Jean Piaget (1896-1980)
Piaget is a constructivist. Constructivists think that children learn best by being active…
psychologists, are Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky, they developed theories based on cognitive development and learning among children and adolescents. Both theorist share some similarities but differences do exist amongst them in educational settings. Methods and approaches to teaching have been greatly influenced by the research of Piaget and Vygotsky. Both brought major contributions to the field of education by offering explanations for cognitive learning styles and abilities of children.