Essay on Jean Piaget and Students

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Accommodation adjustment of differences of students with special needs Adaptation modifying something to fit a changed environment (adjust) Admission Review and Dismissal (ARD) A committee composed of the parent, administrator, assessment personnel regular education teacher, special education teacher, and other pertinent representatives who meet on a regular basis to make decisions in regard to admission, services, and dismissal from special education Assessment A measure of the degree to which instructional objectives have been attained. Assimilation To absorb new information Assistive Technology A term that includes assistive, adaptive, and rehabilitative devices for people with disabilities Authentic Assessment Measurement of important abilities using procedures that simulate the application of these abilities to real-life problems. Autonomous Morality Stage at which a person understands that people make rules and those punishments are not automatic. Bilingual Education Schooling in which those who are not fluent in the standard or national language are taught in their own language. Bloom’s Taxonomy An ordering of learning objectives or question based on levels of thinking from simple learning tasks to more complex. The levels of cognitive domain include: 1) knowledge 2) comprehension 3) application 4) analysis 5) synthesis 6) evaluation Calling Order The order in which students are called on by the teacher to answer questions asked during the course of a lesson. Camborne’s Conditions for Learning Characteristics of the environment that support learning.1) immersion 2) demonstration 3) expectation 4) responsibility 5) employment 6) approximation 7) engagement Centration Paying attention to only one aspect of an object or a situation. Choral Response A response to a question made by an entire class in unison. Class Inclusion The relation between two classes in which all members of one class are included in the other Classical Conditioning Associating a previously neutral stimulus with an unconditioned stimulus to evoke a conditioned response Classroom Climate The way a classroom feels to the participants Computer-Assisted Instruction A self learning technique using computer software; mastery of learning objectives involving interaction of the students with technological programmed instructional materials Concrete Operational Stage Stage at which children develop skills of logical reasoning and conservation but can use theses kills only when dealing with familiar situations. Conflict Contaminants Conditions in which negative conflict grows. Include negativism, unrealistic expectations, poor communication, Personal stressors, and the savior syndrome, jumping to conclusions, lack of support and trust, and preference protection Conflict Resolution

Techniques employed to reduce or eliminate conflict between classroom participants. They include using conciliatory gestures, avoidance, altering group structure, role clarification, communication, direct order, compromise, ECT. Conservation The concept that certain properties of an object (such as weight) remain the same regardless of changes in other properties (such as length). Conventional Level of Mortality Stages 3 & 4 of Kohlberg’s Model of moral reasoning during which children make moral decisions in consideration of others. Fairness is the main consideration. Cooperative Learning An instructional approach that teaches students how to be effective, collaborative and supportive team members. (Group projects) Criterion-referenced Test Tests in which the items are linked to explicitly stated objectives and where the scores are interpreted in