Essay on Jean Watson

Submitted By amyrnor
Words: 475
Pages: 2

Jean Watson
I. Introduction (
A. Jean Watson a nursing theorist born in West, VA
1. Distinguished professor of Nursing and Chair in Caring Science at the University of Colorado Health and Science Center.
2. Six honorary doctoral degrees.
3. Research has been in human caring and loss.
4. In 1988 her theory was published in “Nursing: human science and human care”.

II. Jean Watson’s theory (
A. This theory is made of seven assumptions
1. “Caring can be effectively demonstrated and practiced only interpersonally.”
2. “Caring consists of ‘carative’ factors that result in the satisfaction of certain human needs.”
3. “Effective caring promotes health and individual or family growth.”
4. “Caring responses not only accepts a person as he is now but as what he or she may become.”
5. “A caring environment is one that offers the development of potential while allowing the person to choose the best action for himself or herself at a given point in time.”
6. “Caring is more’ healthogenic’ then is curing. A science of caring is complementary to the science of curing.
7. “The practice of caring is central to nursing.”

B. Ten ‘Carative’ Factors (taken from Nursing Theories on
1. Forming a humanistic-altruistic system of values.
2. Enabling and sustaining faith-hope.
3. Being supportive to self and others.
4. The development of a helping trust relationship.
5. The promotion and acceptance of the expression of positive and negative feelings.
6. The systematic use of the scientific problem-solving method for decision making.
7. The promotion of interpersonal teaching-learning.
8. The provision for a supportive, protective and/or corrective mental, physical, socio-cultural and spiritual environment.
9. Assistance with the gratification of human needs.
10. The allowance for existential-phenomenological forces.

III. Metaparadigm of Nursing (taken from pg. 98 of text book Conceptual Foundations :The Bridge to Professional Nursing Practice. 5th ed Joan L. Creasia, Elizabeth Friberg)

A. Persons are the recipients of nursing care.
B. Environment refers to the surroundings of the…