Jodie S M1 Essay

Submitted By Jodie-Ellis
Words: 749
Pages: 3

M1­ Compare historical and current features of public health ­ Jodie Ellis In the essay I will be comparing the historical and current feature of public health from the 19th, 20th and 21st century. I will compare how they have advanced throughout the three centuries. Firstly the housing back in the 19th century. The well of lived in very comfortable houses, with quarters for the servants even though they were very cramped. On the other hand the poorer people’s houses were dreadful, houses were ‘back­to­back’ the houses had three rooms one on top of the other. By the 1840s councils banned all new back to back houses and any old ones were demolished and replaced. Also skilled workers lived in ‘through houses’ which consisted of two rooms down stairs and two upstairs, and we not back to back. By the end of the 19th century most Victorians live in house with two downstairs and two or even three upstairs and the skilled workers houses were built with the latest luxury of indoor toilets. Also the Public Health
Association enforced slum clearance, installment of sewers and the supply of clean water. The housing the in 20th century changed again, by 1918 a project called “homes fit for heroes” was announced, they wanted to build half a million houses by 1933 for the military who were involved in the Boer war and the first world war. Also the well off could also now afford electricity. “Meanwhile the first council houses were built before the First
World War. More were built in the 1920s and 1930s and some slum clearance took place. However council houses remained rare until after World War II. After 1945 many more were built and they became common.” (Lambert, 2014), this was due to the New
Towns Act where councils had to replace inner­city slums with 300,000 houses a year, this all came from the Beveridge Report 1942 which talked about how Britain was to be built after World War I including council housing. And now in the 21st century, there are many acts to make sure the houses are built to a certain standard and if anything goes wrong the issue is dealt with in the correct procedure. There are also different ways house are built to suit the needs of the person living there, for example, bungalows mainly for the older people who can’t go up the stairs safely. There are also flats to
“save space” for one bed houses. Also in the Beveridge Report 1942 it stated the Britain should offer free education, so public schools became available for all children. But in the early 1900’s councils offered school children free school meals and free medical examinations. But later on in the
1930’s children were also offered milk, under the School Milk Act. Compared to the 21st
Century where dependent on the parents income the less advantaged children can get free school