Persistent substance abuse among youth is often accompanied by an array of problems, including academic difficulties, health-related consequences, poor peer relationships, mental health issues, and involvement with the juvenile justice system. There are also significant consequences for family members, the community, and society in …show more content…
There are currently three methods of identifying, screening, and test juveniles for illicit drugs. These methods are assessment instruments and techniques, drug recognition and techniques, and chemical testing. The best way to approach this is by doing all three methods.
Assessment instruments and techniques can be used to tell alcohol and drug users from nonusers, create ways for initial treatment, help with the decisions of the case managers, and give information for any services. Assessment can happen at any level of a youth's movement in the juvenile justice system. Coordination and sharing of information are key components to strategies that ensure that a kid receives the best services they need. Once the information is received, it needs to be integrated, evaluated, and used for decision-making in regards to the child. Assessment allows information to be gathered and determine the recent use of drugs or alcohol through a urinalysis. Overtime this data can help create a plan for intervention.
Drug recognition techniques were developed initially to help law enforcement officers identify motorists