Juvenile Justice Final Exam Essay

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JUVENILE JUSTICE I FINAL EXAMYour browser does either not support Javascript or has Javascript disabled. This assessment contains features that requires Javascript. Refer to your browser's documentation to determine if Javascript is disabled and how to enable it. If you are using a browser that does not support Javascript switch to a different browser.

1. Youths who loiter on street corners are potential candidates for being stopped and questioned by police officers. In these instances, police action is based upon which of the following? A) Probable cause because loitering usually precedes criminal activity
B) Proof beyond a reasonable doubt since youths who loiter are criminals
C) Clear and convincing evidence since loitering is a
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Which of the following is an example of a conditional disposition? A) Probation
B) Dismissal
C) Secure confinement
D) All of the above
25. What is the process referred to when certain youths are pulled into the juvenile justice system and community programs simply because these programs exist? A) Just deserts
B) Rehabilitation
C) Net-widening
D) Relabeling
26. What was the issue in Schall v. Martin? A) School purse searches
B) Mandatory drug testing
C) Preventive detention
D) Prosecutorial misconduct
27. Youth squads within police departments tend to be which of the following? A) Proactive
B) Reactive
C) Open-minded
D) Judgmental
28. When and where was the first juvenile court established? A) New York City, 1805
B) Philadelphia, 1776
C) Illinois, 1899
D) Texas, 1855
29. The word process is sometimes used to describe the criminal justice system. Why is this? A) It is loosely coordinated
B) It is fragmented
C) It is a sequence of people-processing stages
D) All of the above.
30. According to the concentric zone hypothesis, the greatest amount of crime committed in a given city might occur in which area? A) Suburban neighborhoods
B) Downtown
C) Areas with x-rated theatres
D) Interstitial areas
31. Which model for dealing with juvenile offenders presumes that delinquent conduct is like a disease? A) The due process model
B) The noninterventionist model
C) The crime control model
D) The treatment model or