Conservatism: Reflections of the Revolution in France by Edmund Burke
1. The king is like a country’s servant, except he follows no orders from the people.
2. As the king, he is bound to the country and to attempt to make it the best he can.
3. We are to obey him because he is our king and he serves us as we serve him.
Liberalism: On Liberty by John Stuart Mill
1. The one in absolute power often portrays themselves as an antagonist, which brings the people closer together and further from him.
2. The one in power often abuses his power against the lower classes instead of the upper classes, despite the fact that he is there to abuse the upper classes in order to stop them from abusing the lower classes (Not literally abusing them, more-so, bullying/keeping in check).
3. The people turned to two ways to stop these things from happening:
1. They turned to “contracts” or “acts” where the king/ruler would sign these papers that inhibited him from abusing his powers.
2. They overthrew the king and put a better ruler in power
Republicanism: Social Contract by Jean Jacques Rousseau
1. They want to join their power with others to improve their standing, whilst it stays their own. They don’t want to follow any orders that come with this method of improvement.
2. In order to prevent one person from feeling that they are following orders, the group will form one whole person. When one part of the person is affected, the whole is.
3. If a part of the whole commits a crime against another part, the whole is very likely to be affected, therefore, they will be removed from the whole immediately.
Nationalism: This document contains several intrepretations of nationalism. What are the characteristics of nationalism?
1. People should follow their own standards.
2. People with different nationalities looked into their culture in order to define their uniqueness.
3. People should form countries based on nationality rather than having jumbles of culture in one country.
Romanticism: Tables Turned by William Wordsworth
1. Don’t try to learn from human creations.
2. Learn from nature and the world.
3. Nature offers more knowledge than anything man could ever give.
Utopian Socialism: A New View of…