Essay Kawasaki As Meningitis

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Anadolu Kardiyol Derg
2011; 11: 368-72

mented in childhood period (4). Conventional CABG is usually performed in children; off-pump CABG is rarely preferred for use in pediatric patients because of the small diameter of their vessels (5).
Extracardiac vascular involvement (including that involving the aortic root and carotid artery) has been documented in children with familial hypercholesterolemia and the incidence of such involvement increases with the age of the patient. Evaluation for atherosclerosis of the aorta is not routinely performed preoperatively in children, although atheroembolism from the ascending aorta is a major etiologic factor for stroke in adult patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Cohen et al. (6) showed that non calcified plaques are associated with a higher risk of vascular events and surgical manipulation has been reported to cause new mobile lesions in a diseased aorta (7). Soft atheromas are most likely to embolized as a result of manipulation. In our patient, the preoperatively detected atheromatous ascending aorta led us to prefer the use of off-pump CABG, because the non calcified, unstable, lipid-laden plaques were thought to have the potential to form emboli.

Conclusion
To prevent procedure-related neurologic complications, the possibility of diffuse and dense atherosclerosis of the ascending aorta must be kept in mind in children with familial hypercholesterolemia who undergo CABG.

References
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Göksel OS, Tireli E, El H, Oflaz H, Dayıoğlu E. Coronary artery bypass grafting in a 12-year-old girl with familial hypercholesterolemia. Acta Chir Belg
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Address for Correspondence/Yaz›şma Adresi: Dr. Öner Gülcan
Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Adana Teaching and Medical Research
Center, Başkent University, Adana-Turkey

Phone: +90 322 327 27 27 Fax: +90 322 327 12 73 E-mail: drgulcan@yahoo.com
Available Online Date/Çevrimiçi Yayın Tarihi: 18.05.2011
©Telif Hakk› 2011 AVES Yay›nc›l›k Ltd. Şti. - Makale metnine www.anakarder.com web sayfas›ndan ulaş›labilir.
©Copyright 2011 by AVES Yay›nc›l›k Ltd. - Available on-line at www.anakarder.com doi:10.5152/akd.2011.090 Olgu Sunumları
Case Reports

369

Kawasaki disease presenting as meningitis in a two months old infant
İki aylık bir bebekte menenjit biçiminde ortaya çıkan Kawasaki hastalığı
Özden Türel, Alper Güzeltaş1, Çiğdem Aydoğmuş, Nevin Hatipoğlu,
Hüsem Hatipoğlu, Rengin Siraneci
Clinic of Pediatric, Bakırköy Maternity and Children’s Hospital, İstanbul
1Clinic of Pediatric Cardiology, Mehmet Akif Ersoy Thoracic and
Cardiovascular Surgery Training and Research Hospital, İstanbulTurkey

Introduction
Kawasaki disease (KD), is an acute febrile multisystem vasculitic syndrome characterized by fever, bilateral non-exudative conjunctivitis, erythema of…