COURSE: MENT 58L
NAME: KELVIN OKOEGUALE
ASSISTIVE DEVICES: CRUTCHES, CANES AND SPLINTS.
Assistive devices are products and tools that can make life easier. These types of equipment helps perform tasks and activities in our daily lives. Here, we will be talking about crutches, canes and splints. People with physical disabilities that affect movement can use mobility aids such as crutches and canes to enhance their mobility. Using crutches and canes helps keep weight off an injured or weak leg and enable one perform daily activities more safely. If your injury or surgery requires you to get around without putting any weight on ur leg or foot, you may have to use crutches.
Proper Positioning: Crutches
When standing up straight, the top of your crutches should be about 1-2 inches below your armpits
The handgrips of the crutches should be even with the top of your hip line.
Your elbows should be slightly bent when you hold the handgrips.
To avoid damage to the nerves and blood vessels in your armpit, your weight should rest on your hands, not on the underarm support.
When walking, lean forward slightly and put your crutches about one foot in front of you. Begin your step as if you were going to use the injured foot or leg but, instead, shift your weight to the crutches. Bring your body forward slowly between the crutches. Finish the step normally with your god leg. When your good leg is on the ground, move your crutches ahead in preparation fot your next step. Always look forward, not down at your feet.
A cane can be helpful if you have minor problems with balances or stability, some weakness in your leg, or trunk, an injury or pain.
Proper Positioning: Canes
When standing up straight, the top of your cane should reach to the crease in your wrist.
Your elbow should be slight bent when you hold your cane.
Hold the cane in the hand opposite the side that needs support. For example, if your right leg is injured, hold the cane in your left hand.
To start walking, set your cane about one small stride ahead of you and step off on your injured leg. Finish the step with your good leg. When using crutches and canes, make sure skin integrity is good,, and there is no breakdown, and teach proper body alignment.
While splint on the other hand is a device used for support or immobilization of a limb or the spine. It can be used in multiple situations, including temporary immobilization of potentially broken bones or damaged joints and support for points during activity. Splint helps decrease pain and prevent further injury. Splints can be used for many different injuries. Any time there is a broken bone, stabilizing the area is important. Be sure to pad the splint well to avoid putting extra pressure on the injured limb. An important assessment when using a splint is to check for good circulation after the injured body part has been immobilized.
BLADDER TRAINING AND BLADDER IRRIGATION
Bladder training is a behavioral modification treatment technique for urinary incontinence that involves placing a patient on a toileting schedule. The time interval between urination is gradually increased in order to train the patient to remain continent. Bladder training is used to treat urinary urge incontinence. Urge incontinence occurs when an individual feels a sudden need to urinate and cannot control the urge to do so and, as a result, involuntarily loses urine before making it to the toilet (American foundation for Urologic Disease). The technique for bladder training is to determine how often you are going to the bathroom based on your diary entries. Then add about 15mins to that time. For example, if you are going to the bathroom every hour, schedule bathroom visits at every one hour, 15mins. Use the bathroom at each scheduled visit regardless of whether you actually feel the urge to go. Gradually increase the amount of time between bathroom breaks. Making sure the bladder is not distended is an