You may be familiar with the football team Indianapolis Colts. Do you know the state they came from? For those who aren’t football fans, it’s Indiana. Well, it’s time to shine some light on Indiana, from the basics of the state, to the history, monuments and national parks, and the land.
For now we can look at the basics of the state. Christened in 1800, "Indiana" means Land of the Indians or Land of Indians. Various American Indian tribes are a significant part of Indiana history, including the Lenape and Delaware Indians, Kickapoo, the Shawnee, and many more. The capital of Indiana is Indianapolis, the fourtenth largest city in the United States. The state flag of Indiana was adopted in 1917. It was designed by Paul Hadley of Mooresville, Indiana. There are 19 golden stars on a blue field arranged in a circle and semi-circle. The 13 stars in the outer circle represent the 13 original colonies of the United States of America; the 5 stars in a half circle represent the states admitted prior to Indiana ,but after the original 13, and the larger star atop the flame of the torch of Liberty represents Indiana.
What about the many symbols of Indiana? The cardinal is the state bird of Indiana the cardinal. The cardinal became the state bird of Indiana in 1933. The state tree of Indiana is the tulip tree. The tulip tree was designated the state tree in 1931. The state flower is the peony. In the year of 1957 the peony became the state flower. The state motto of Indiana is “The Crossroads of America”. This motto was adopted in 1937. “On the Banks of the Wabash, Far Away” is the state song . The song, "On the Banks of the Wabash, Far Away," words and music by Paul Dresser was adopted as the Indiana state song by the Sixty-eighth Regular Session of the Indiana General Assembly on March 14, 1913. The state stone of Indiana is limestone. Limestone has been the state stone since 1971. Indiana’s state house is built out of Indiana limestone. The description of the state seal is a woodman chopping a tree with his ax, a buffalo jumping over a log, sycamore trees, hills in the background, and a setting sun with fourteen rays. The leaves of the tulip poplar border diamond shapes in the outer circle. The words "Seal of the state of Indiana" appear at the top of the outer circle and the date Indiana entered the union (1816) appears below. A tartan is a fabric woven into plaid patterns representing clans (families) or regions in Scotland. The tartan of Indiana is a blue and yellow. This is the state award of Indiana Sagamore of the Wabash. The highest distinction in Indiana is the designation of Sagamore of the Wabash by the state governor. The state river is the Wabash River. The Indiana state poem is “Indiana” by Arthur Franklin Mapes. A excerpt from Indiana is:
Indiana . . . is a garden where the seeds of peace have grown, where each tree, and vine, and flower has a beauty . . . all its own.
Indiana is also home to the Wabash River, the state river of Indiana which became the state river in the year 1996. That was the last of the symbols of the symbols of Indiana. Now onto the history of Indiana. Indiana was the 19th state to join the Union on December 11, 1816. Indiana was founded by Carlos Tevez (not the soccer player). Some major industries are, manufacturing businesses, agriculture including corn, wheat and soybeans, coal and limestone mining and steel-making. There were no presidents born in Indiana but Abraham