Key Concept | Definition | Supporting Research | Evaluation | Reinforcement + Reward/Need Satisfaction Theory Byrne and Clore (1970)Theories of Relationship Formation | * RNS Theory proposes people attracted to those they...Find rewarding to be with as they meet an unmet need e.g need for company, financial security. (Affiliation: Refers to the basic universal need for company/relationships/belonging and acceptance. ) * It is based on operant conditioning, theory suggests people....Form relationships with those whose presence is directly associated with reinforcement * Based on classical conditioning, theory suggests people...Learn to associate person (neutral stimulus) with the positive mood (unconditional stimulus) they were in when they met them. * Successful relationships develop when...The positive feelings outweigh the negative feelings. | May and Hamilton (1980)Procedure: While listening to either pleasant, unpleasant or no music, 30 female undergraduates were asked to make a series of personal judgements of attractive and unattractive males, using photographs.Results: The attractive males were evaluated more positively than the unattractive males. More positive evaluations of personal character in the pleasant music condition than in either of the other conditions. | Lacks ecological validity and mundane realism: People do not meet people under those circumstances.The RNS only explores the rewards people get from a relationship.This is a problem because Hayes 1985 found that individuals gain reward from giving as well as receiving.Gender and Culture Bias: Lott 1994 found that in many cultures women are more focused on meeting the needs of others than on reinforcement.Also explains why people would stay in abusive relationships. Perhaps the rewards are not happiness but stability and status. The relationship fulfils the need of affiliation. | Matching Hypothesis + Social DesirabilityTheories of Relationship Formation | * The more socially desirable someone is the more desirable they would expect a dating or marriage partner to be. * Social Desirability: refers to any trait or characteristic that makes a person attractive or desirable as a partner. * It is found that matched pairs are more likely to have happy enduring relationships than couples who are not matched in terms of social desirability. | Computer Dance – Walster 1966-1969)752 1st year undergrads at the University of Minnesota were invited to attend a ‘get acquainted’ dance. They believed they had been matched with their date.The success of these random matches was assessed, using a questionnaire distributed in an interval during the dance and a six month follow-up.Results: The more attractive the student the more attractive they expected their date to be. The people who found their matches attractive carried their relationships on. | Culture Bias, Ethnocentric: The values in North America may be more materialistic to cultures elsewhere. E.g Eastern Cultures.Lack of Ecological Validity: Due to the fact that it was a laboratory experiment.Murnstein 1972 - The Real World attractiveness levels of actual couples that were going out were on the same level of attractiveness. (supports matching hypothesis)Matching in terms of ‘social desirability’ has come to be associated specifically with ‘physical attractiveness’. Lacks internal Validity: The concept ‘physical attractiveness’ is poorly operationalised it is subjective. | The Filter/ Stage Model + DemographyKerchoff + Davis (1962)Theories of Relationship Formation | Relationships develop through different filters and different factors are important at different times.Potential partners are filtered so that the ‘field of availables’ is narrowed down to a relatively small field of desirables- those we consider potential partners. * Filter 1: Similarity of variables/ Demographics Proximity, Ethnicity, Religion, Social Class, Educational Background and Physical Attractiveness. * Filter…
(primary and foreign keys).
2. What is a DBMS, and what are its functions?
It stands for Data base Management Systems. It is a collection of programs that manages database structures and controls access to data.
3. What is the use of the primary key in a table? Can a table have more than one primary key?
The primary key of a relational table uniquely identifies each record in the table. You can only have one primary key, but you can have multiple columns in your primary key.
4. Define a…
Simplicity Is Key
Often enough, the simple things in life are the ones that get taken for granted; the ones thoughtlessly brushed aside, the small, discrete objects that get used time after time but never receive the recognition they rightfully deserve. Countless objects fall into this category, however, only one object can open the doors for all the others — the key. The key that I've chosen to write about not only opens doors, but it starts fires, frees horses, unlocks miles of road, and…
RS L17 Obstructive lung disease
Def: A decrease in the exhaled air flow caused by acute or chronic narrowing or blockage of the airways causing increased resistance to airflow. This obstruction is usually progressive, not fully reversible and does not change markedly over several months. The most common group of COPD include chronic bronchitis, emphysema and small airway disease. COPD is predominantly caused by smoking.
Airflow obstruction is defined as a reduced FEV (volume of air that can be expelled…
RS Homework – Points for presentation
Politically, the defiance of religious and secular authority has led to democracy, human rights, and the protection of the environment. Humanists make no apologies for this. Humanists twist no biblical doctrine to justify such actions. They recognize the Promethean defiance of their response and take pride in it. For this is part of the tradition.
Humanism is in tune with new technological developments. Humanists are willing to take part in emerging scientific…
“Analyse the key causes and key effects of Australia’s manufacturing industry moving offshore”
The Australian manufacturing industry has been facing crisis for many years. There is a huge cavity in the fiscal transactions effecting the upliftment of manufacturing industry, resulting manufacturing industries moving offshore. The key factors which are causing Australia’s manufacturing industry moving offshore are, import competition, and high cost of production in comparison to low cost economies…
rs from now—maybe in a decade, maybe sooner—if all goes according to plan, the most complex machine ever built will be switched on in an Alpine forest in the South of France. The machine, called the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor, or ITER, will stand a hundred feet tall, and it will weigh twenty-three thousand tons—more than twice the weight of the Eiffel Tower. At its core, densely packed high-precision equipment will encase a cavernous vacuum chamber, in which a super-hot cloud…
1500 meters per second D.3000 meters per second
Answer Key: B
Pitch is primarily dtermined by the ______ of the sound wave.
A.amplitude B.clarity C.decibels D.frequency
Answer Key: D
Loudness of pure tones depends on frequency and sound pressure level can be shown graphically using
A.equal loudness curves B.timbre resonance curves C.receiver operating characteristic curves D.Fourier functions
Answer Key: A
The bending of the cilia of the ______ causes…
The key to advocacy.
In 1966, Snowball used 15 experienced nurses to study their understanding of advocacy. The study revealed that nurses articulated the importance of “therapeutic relationships” in forming the basis for advocacy. (MacDonald, H. 2007). This study is not surprising for us nurses because we know that the particular nature of the relationship between nurses and patients, as well as the particular dynamic and culture between nurses and other members of the healthcare team are the…
In this modern world advance technology application of IT surged services and needs of Business. Information Technology became a key factor to every business which refined the company products according to customer specification. This activity upgrades client experience and company status with user friendly relation. IT plays a key role in providing efficient service to the customers which coordinate with e-shopping and customer creation. This is only one which paved the path to…