Essay Lab Report 8

Submitted By Aime9122
Words: 481
Pages: 2

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Title: Synthesis of a Benzalacetophenone: A mixed Aldol Condensation reaction

Introduction: Aldol Condensation is an extremely useful carbon-carbon bond-forming reaction in organic chemistry. Aldol reactions are formed when two molecules of the same aldehyde or ketone react in the presence of a base. The end result of this reaction is a β-hydroxy carbonyl compound. The β-hydroxy aldehyde and β-hydroxy ketone are easily dehydrated because the double bond formed is in conjunction with the carbonyl group. Conjunction increases the stability of the conjugated product.

Purpose:
The objective of the experiment is to observe the synthesis of benzalactohnone.

Abstract: A flask with a magnetic stirring rod was obtained and placed on a magnetic stirrer. Then 0.02 mole of p-dimethylaminobenzaldehyde and 1 mole of acetophenone was placed in 10 ml of 95% ethanol and set to be dissolved. One dissolve 5 ml of sodium hydroxide was added. The mixture was then stirred for at least 30 minutes. Once mixture was completely dissolved, 50 ml of ice cold water was added and then placed in an ice bath for at least 5 minutes. A colored precipitate was then formed, and then obtained through vacuum filtration.

Physical Chemical Properties:
Name
Boiling Point
Melting
Point
Structure
Density
Molecular Weight in grams
Ethanol
78.37°C
-114°C

789.00 kg/m³
46.06844 g/mol
Sodium Hydroxide
1,388°C
318°C

2.13 g/cm³
39.997 g/mol

Materials:
The materials that were used were an Erlenmeyer flask, magnetic stir, magnetic stirrer, vacuum filter, filter paper, stirring rod, ice, ice bath, beakers , and a spatula
Procedure:
Obtain a Erlenmeyer flask containing a magnetic stirring bar, once obtained place it a magnetic stirrer.
Dissolve 0.02 mole of p-dimethylaminobenzaldehyde and 1 mole of acetophenone in 10 ml of 95% ethanol
Once mixture…