Legal System Of The United States

Submitted By chris69999
Words: 1298
Pages: 6

There’re a myriad and abound quantity of legal systems found throughout the world today. Every country or foreign nation has their own distinct and profound legal system that they deem will be the most efficient for their own individual society. In essence every nation that has their own private and unique legal system, also have an origin or commencement. Every nation or country has their own origins but in particular, the United States began way back on September 17, 1787 when the members of the Constitutional convention signed the United States constitution. The Constitution is known as the supreme law of the U.S and is the primary source of law for this country. The United States legal system can be broken down into several parts such as the Legislative branch, Judicial Branch, Executive Branch, and even further than that. You can think of the three main branches like a family tree, these three branches serve as the parents and each branch is branched out to another aspect of the us legal system.

All three branches have their own niche in the United States’ legal system. The legislative branch is responsible for making laws. The legislative branch is composed or consisted of dual houses of congress known as the Senate and the House of Representatives. There’re one hundred senators found in the Senate, but only two can represent each and every state. The senators are elected by their own specific state, and have to serve a term not exceeding six years. The head of the senate is known as the Vice president, but he isn’t allowed to vote in the Senate unless there is a tie. Furthermore, the senate approves nominations created by the president to the cabinet, federal courts, and the Supreme Court. In addition, the Senate must ratify all treaties by a two-thirds vote. The House of Representatives is made up of 435 members. Every state has a different amount of members because the number of representatives each state gets is based on its population. Similarly to the Senate, the House of Representatives’ members are elected by their own individual states, however, contrasting to the Senate, the members serve two-year terms. The head of the house is also considered the Speaker of the House, which is elected by the representatives of the house. Both members the Senate and the House of Representatives elect leaders. The leader of the House of Representatives is called the majority leader, while the Senate party leader is called the minority leader.

Another significant aspect of the U.S legal system is the judicial branch. Basically, the judicial branch oversees the court system of the U.S. In court cases, the judicial branch interprets the meaning of the Constitution and laws passed by Congress. The head of the judicial branch is known as the Supreme Court. The niche of the Supreme Court indicated whether something is unconstitutional or constitutional even if its not permitted or allowed under the Constitution. There’re nine judges also known as justices, eight associate justices and one chief justice on the Supreme Court. The judges are elected or appointed by the President and approved by the Senate. Unlike the Senate and the House of Representatives, the judges of the Supreme Court have no term limits and can serve till the day they perish. Moreover, the Supreme Court is well-known as it is the highest court in the land and its decisions are final and no other court can appeal or overrule their decisions. The Supreme Court is known for precedent-setting cases such as Plessy v. Ferguson and Brown v. Board of Education.

The third and last chief branch of the United States’ Legal System is the executive branch. The head of the executive branch is called the President, and he makes the laws official. Most people are aware and acknowledge that the President is elected by the country as a whole, and serves a term of four years, but can be re-elected extended the maximum term of eight years!