LAW TEST ONE Essay

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LAW TEST ONE

Contemporary New Zealand Business Law
8081

BUSINESS LAW: Understand the laws that affect New Zealand businesses

This exam will test whether you are competent in the following learning outcomes:
1. Understanding the New Zealand legal system
2. Understand New Zealand business organizational structures
3. Understand the fundamentals of Company Law
4. Understand the fundamentals of the Privacy Act

Instructions:
Answer all questions in the spaces provided.

Student : MARGIE T. GARCIA
ID NO. : A6875
Signature :
Assessment Date :
Result :

1. (i) Discuss the following statement:
“The ‘law of New Zealand’ comprises laws and rules made informally by the citizens of New Zealand.”

The statement is false because New Zealand’s laws and rules are made by the parliament and sometimes on a case-to-case basis court judges made some laws that are not available in parliament legislation.
(ii) Describe the two primary or main processes by which law in New Zealand is made.
The two main primary or main processes by which law in New Zealand is made is common law and equity. New Zealand law is made primarily by Parliament and court judges. However, the sole and only legislative body in New Zealand is the parliament, they are the only authorized agency to make laws and rules which will be implemented or executed by the judges in court in making legal cases decisions or proceedings.
(www.legislation.govt.nz)
(en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Law_of_New_Zealand)‎

2. (a) What is (i) ‘International law’ and (ii) ‘Domestic law’?

(i) International law is a law set by every country, agreed upon globally and abided by among nations and its people. This law is created to control every nation’s people, goods, services or anything that will come into another country to avoid crossing boundaries or policies of each nation to avoid conflicts between each country that will probably results to disagreement and chaos. The main reason for this law is to maintain the good relationship among nations.

(ii) Domestic law is a law set for and within a state or nation this includes family laws, housing laws, traffic laws, domestic violence and others concerning within its locality. This can implemented from lowest level of governance like council, mayor, governor, congressman and so on.

(www.un.org/en/globalissues/internationallaw)
(en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_law)
(b) What is (i) ‘Public law’ and (ii) ‘Private (or civil) law’?

(i) Public law composes of International law, Constitutional law, Administrative law and Criminal law. This is the law between people and the government that will give guidance among two parties to lead them both to peace and harmony. Each party has the right to question or ask to review each law implemented if one desires or if one has doubt/s.

(ii) Private or Civil law composes of Contract, Tort, Trusts, Family and Property. This law is between people to people or between individual’s concerns.

(education-portal.com/.../public-law-vs-private-law)
(en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Public_law)
(en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Private_law)‎

(c) List two examples of Public law and briefly explain what each is.
International law, as discussed above international law is a law set by every country, agreed upon globally and abided by among nations and its people. This law is created to control every nation’s people, goods, services or anything that will enter another country to avoid crossing boundaries or policies of each nation to avoid conflicts between each country that will probably results to disagreement and chaos. The main reason for this law is to maintain the good relationship among nations.

Criminal Law, this law governs heinous, serious or fatal crimes mostly concerning the life of individual human being and the society in general. Offenders who violated or guilty of this law will face severe and profound punishments like capital punishment for most serious offences; and physical or corporal punishment may be given…