Leadership is about leading a group of people or an organization.
In its essence, leadership in an organizational role involves establishing a clear vision. Sharing that vision with others so that they will follow willingly.
"It is the process of influencing the activities of an organized group in its efforts toward goal setting and goal achievement". (ch.19 pg 596)Leadership is about influencing the behavior of the others.
"one cannot be a leader without followers, and followers must be willing to obey".(ch 19 pg 600)
"Leadership is the very big toll or the weapon of the organization to accomplish its goals and its necessary objectives and without it, it is impracticable for the organization to attain its main target".(journal article 4)
In the "great man theory" it is said that it focuses on political figures, arguing that leaders reach positions of influence from which they dominate and direct the lives of others by force of personality.
It is interesting to note that there is no equivalent "great woman theory" (ch19 pg 599)
The theory reveled to men, and woman in that theory were underestimated as most of the research were made during the 19th century. Later with the emergence of great woman leader it was recognized as the "great person theory"
"Research thus focused on identifying the traits of these special people, Rlaph stodgill reviewed hundreds of traits studies(1948, 1974)".(ch 19 pg 599)
In our first seminar Our first task, after being put into groups, was to establish a leader among the group.
The person who volunteered to be the group leader was the one who had the most similar traits to be mentioned by Ralph Stogdill research in the 'great man theory' as,
Self- confidence, ability to influence the behavior of others, focus on completing the task and initiative in social settings. (ch 19 pg 599).
Those were showed by the leader, that despite the group work has been able to help the group by starting to guide and decide in collaboration of the group which rule will suite each of the members the most in order to help the group attend its goal.
Moreover, the Indirect leadership which According to the model developed by Larsson et al. "indirect leadership can be understood as a process beginning with ideas and mental models of higher organizational-level managers on what to do (visions and goals), as well as how to get it done"(Indirect leadership theory, journal article 2) were the basic traits for taking lead of a small group. also mentioned in the indirect theory is the "routes" example to describe the influence process. One of the "routes" called the "link" which is more action- oriented usually consists of a single individual or a small group This influence process can be done with or without the use of formal authority. one of the most important thing a group needs , especially at its beginning is to have a source of inspiration, guidness and motivation. At the beginning of the task while the members were not sure about the steps to be taken in order to complete the given task and all a little bit confused the inspiration and motivation of the leader was necessary.
According to the MLT theory in the transformational leadership (bass 1985) " the inspirational motivation factor focuses on behaviors directed towards energizing and motivating followers, such as communicating a vision and making emotional appeals that help followers strive towards future goals." (transformational leadership theory, journal article 1) the leader than inspired the group by giving his ideas and motivated the members by guiding them towards the goal.
While leading a group it is necessary to have a full participation among followers in order to be able to achieve the group goal in the best way possible. Therefore motivation which is one of the basic creteria when leading a group has a big rule and a big factor in the in the success of the group and the way it achieve its goal.