All assignments will be administered between 8am to 1pm on Fridays.
outsiders may have different norms. not doing anything that necessarily breaks the law may not see themselves as outsiders ie: fandoms and fan-made works rules may be formal, codified as laws, or informal based on cultural imperatives rules are founded on some level of consensus within a social group laws are special kind of rule, ones that are sanctioned by the state which have specified consequences standards but not explicitly written ie: treat others how you want to be treated; be respectful of views what are gang members: claimed territory, criminal activity together
Donald Black (1976) points out that the amount of law and formal justice in a society depends on the effectiveness of informal social control higher degrees of stratification have more formal social control simpler societies have less formal social controls
Austin Turk (1972) uses the term ‘legalization’ to describe the process through which normative expectations about deviant behavior are transformed into official laws for the purposes of identification, detection, and social control calling while driving, smoking in public, texting while driving,
Informal: interpersonal relationships and groups
Medical: behavior => drugs, lobotomies, therapy
Legal/formal: law and legal system family/friends social media if close friends comments, looks drugs, therapy, hospitalization, psychologist/psychiatrist
Powerful people are in control of what is considered “normal behavior” and what should be done to correct “deviant behavior”
State run or private, non-state run systems of social control
‘private justice’ for non-state institutions of social control formal (organized and systematic) or informal (unorganized and spontaneous) criminal justice system involve informal processes (eg. plea bargaining) complex relationships of social control between individual, community, state, and world.
Living law: recognizes that there are multiple forms of ‘law’ and that most are not part of the formal system.
Legal pluralism: laws may exist in harmony and mutual informal control: the mechanisms and practices of everyday life that encourage us to follow the rules and traditions set forth by family, social groups or the larger society. socialization: the process by which we learn the rules, norms, and expectations of the