Essay about Lecture: Organ Transplant and People

Submitted By olalend
Words: 1258
Pages: 6

**Note: The claim is italicized and the other Toulmin parts are labeled. This essay does have the required works cited page; it simply was not included here. You must include a works cited page (MLA formatted) with your essay.
John Doe
ENG 112
28 Feb 2013
The Sale of Human Organs With today's technology in medical science, there is no doubt that organ transplants can save countless human lives. However, the major contemporary problem that the world is facing is that there are not enough organs available for the people who are in need. Many people die every day demanding an organ for their bodies because the National Organization of Transplantation Act has prohibited the sale of human organs since 1984. Millions of people have died because the act has created an organ shortage in the United States. There is now a long waiting list and people linger and many of them die waiting for an available organ. Others turn, out of desperation, to illegal means of obtaining an organ. The plans for increasing the organ donors have not worked and government needs a new system for organ transplantation. A new system, which is creating a market for human organs, could end the torment and agony in the patients’ lives in the United States. The sale of human organs should be legalized because it would help to eradicate the black market and the waiting list for organ transplantation would be eliminated.
Allowing sale of human organs could eliminate the black market. Warrant: The black market is detrimental and harmful to the society. Backing: Many people are dying every day because they receive a spoiled organ, usually infected by HIV viruses, an organ obtained via the black market. Grounds: Many American patients in need of body parts are turning to underground market all over the world. According to Michele Goodwin, an altruistic approach leads to an underground market of human body parts in third world countries, such as Brazil and India. These countries supply human organs by forcibly taking them from children and poor people and selling them to the Americans. By performing this surgery, not only do they act against the law of their representing countries, but also they put the recipient in danger of having an unsafe transplant which could result in serious consequences that often lead to death. Legalizing the sale of human organs could eradicate the black market that costs the United States in many ways. The government loses millions of dollars as the result of this illegal transplant market (Goodwin). In addition, allowing the sale of organs could eliminate the waiting list for transplants. Warrant: Being on a waiting list can put people in jeopardy. Backing: According to a university researcher, Dr. Slabbert, an average of 15 patients dies every day while they are waiting for an organ. This is a very large number that has to be stopped. Grounds: In the near future, there will be a shortage of organs and it will continue to get worse until the government finds an alternative. Such a shortage will only increase the amount of time patients spend on waiting lists. The government must work towards a viable alternative, such allowing the sale of human organs, which can ultimately save human lives. It has been proven that legal sale of human organs can reduce the waiting list for organ donors. The only nation in the world that has created a market for organ transplantation is Iran. It may not be the best role model in politics for countries to follow, but their kidney transplantation program has successfully extirpated the waiting list for human organs.
Grounds: Dr. Benjamin Hippen has critically examined the kidney program in Iran. According to Hippen, government compensates the vendors by paying them both in direct and indirect ways. The government pays the donor nearly $1200 and puts them in some health insurance coverage. Iran’s kidney vending system has not meant the end of altruistic donors. Instead, it has