Gender Inequality in Spain
Table of Content:
As Globalization occurs, the world changes, technology is transferred, and society has become more complex than ever for better or for worse. In this globalization era , people are able to access information without censorship thus allowing people around the world to be more equal than before . Taken Spain for example, in recent years, Spain has been praised for its commitment to gender equality. In 2004 and 2008, Spain introduced pioneering legislation to uphold principles of gender equality in private and public life, and to combat against gender violence. The predominantly female cabinet appointed in 2008 under Prime Minister Jose Zapatero is setting new standards for female political participation.
In the 2014 edition of the SIGI, Spain has very low levels of discrimination against women in social institutions. It has lower discrimination in restricted access to resources and assets and higher discrimination in son bias.This is unfortunately not yet trickling down to employment conditions for the majority of women, where the salary pay gap is high and working women are obliged to juggle both employment and family responsibilities due to prevailing traditional stereotypes.
The main belief of this report is first, to make sure the reader understand the roots and realize the persistent gender inequality that still persist today in so many different levels. Second is to encourage the reader to realize inequalities around them avoiding the practice of inequalities so it didn’t reduce the ability of woman to support the economic and to change the social bias.
Social Issues :
Social Issued in Spain has been pertinent from the law of succession to domestic violence, from political representation to the judiciary and the boardroom, from pay to reproductive rights, gender equality in Spain remains.
It is a hard to believe fact that Spanish women are constitutionally considered second class when it comes to ruling their country. Still, it is written in to the Constitution that the law of succession is based on male primogeniture, the throne passed to the eldest offspring but with preference given to men (“con preferencia de los varones”). Felipe V1 of Spain was proclaimed King in June 2014 after the abdication of his father although he is the youngest of three children born to the now ex-King Juan Carlos and Queen Sofia. The two elder children were female. In section 14 of the 1978 Constitution, alongside the law on male primogeniture, it states that all Spaniards are equal under the law and cannot be discriminated against for reasons of birth, race, sex, religion, opinion or any other personal or social condition or circumstance. That is unless, confusingly and with a certain irony, they happen to be female members of a royal family in a constitutional monarchy.
Between the announcement of the abdication and the proclamation of Felipe as King - seventeen days - there were a number of demonstrations calling for a Republic, and/or a referendum, but there was no clamour in the streets to change the law of succession; seemingly there is little public interest. The Spanish Government has said it is in favour of a change, but that it is a “complicated” process. Perhaps it is: it took the UK Monarchy over 400 years to change the law of male primogeniture, finally achieved in 2011.
In the survey on attitudes to domestic violence, undertaken by the Centre for Investigation (CIS) on behalf of the Government of Spain in 2012, 72% of women and 49% of men agreed that there were considerable inequalities between men and women; 98% considered the use of domestic violence to be wrong but 35% assumed the victim to be a consenting partner to the violence. Attitudes die hard.
Although most Spanish women were given the vote in the Second Republic in 1931, the struggle for