1.1 Explain what is meant by:
Diversity refers to the fact that we are all different. Some of us are male, some female, some tall, some short, some dark skinned, some light skinned. We come from different cultural backgrounds, different faiths, and different family groupings. And we have different learning styles, different personalities, etc. Because we are all different, from each other, every classroom and nursery will be diverse.
For example in a class room there will be many children with different abilities, some will be good at reading and writing others will be good at drawing and making things. You should not just put the children who are good at reading n writing into one group you should mix the groups together so that everyone can help each other in different ways.
Equality: Equality means that we should all have equal access and equal opportunities to learn and be successful regardless of gender, race, religion, and ability. Every child should be able to take part in activities regardless of their abilities.
For example if you have a child that is in a wheelchair it does not mean that he cannot take part in a game of basketball, as practitioners you should adapt the game so that the child can join in and feel equal to the more able bodied children. You could get adaptable equipment that adjusts to different needs. So a child in a wheelchair you could get a basketball net that can be lowered so that the child can reach the net.
Inclusion means that everyone should have access to the same services and treatment regardless of race, religion and ability/disability.
In a child care setting you should make sure that there is access for children in wheelchairs, also disabled toilets and ramps if required also adding wider doorways.
If there is a family with English as a second language you could get books and diagrams to help explain what words mean and what things are You could also get staff to learn some words in the language so that they can communicate and build a bond with the child and their family.
If you have a child who has a hearing impairment then you could get the staff to learn some sign language to help with communication. This will help both staff members and the child communicate with each other, it will also help to make the child feel more confident and help to build their self-esteem
1.2 Describe the potential effects of discrimination
There are two different types of discrimination indirect and direct.
An example of this could be a male working in and nursery. A parent could be new to the nursery and when they enter they see that there is a man working there. They may say “Oh no I am not happy about a man changing Chloe’s nappy, isn’t there another female member of staff who could do it.” They will be discriminating about the fact that he is a male and that “men” shouldn’t be working in a nursery setting as it is usually a woman’s job. When in my opinion there should be more male workers in a nursery setting as some children do not have male figures in their lives.
An example of indirect discrimination is