Berk Chapter 8 Emotional and Social Development in Early Childhood Morgan Crabb SECTION 1chp5-8 ERIKSONS THEORY AND SELF-UNDERSTANDING 1. What is the focus of Eriksons initiative vs. guilt stage It is described as a period of unfolding once children has a sense of autonomy, they become less contrary than they were as toddlers. Their energies are freed for tackling the psychological conflict of the preschool years initiative versus guilt. As the word imitative suggests young children have a new sense of purposefulness. They are eager to tackle new tasks, join in activities with peers and discover what they can do with the help of adults. They also make strides in conscience development. 2. What is self-concept The set of attributes abilities attitudes and values that an individual believes defines who he or she is 2. A. How do young children describe themselves Preschoolers self concepts consist largely of observable characteristics such as their name physical appearance possessions and everyday behaviors . self concept who am I 3. What is self-esteem The judgments we make about our own worth and the feelings associated with those judgments Self concept the evaluative side of yourself like am I good at this or bad at this. Athletic ability 3. A. What is young childrens self-esteem like They have difficulty distinguishing between their desired and their actual competence they usually rate their own ability as extremely high and underestimate task difficulty. Their self esteem is typically high. Parenting skills can enhance or harm self esteem EMOTIONAL DEVELOPMENT 4. Can you discuss changes in understanding and expression of emotion during early childhood, along with factors that influence those changes (Hint. I borrowed this question directly from Berk on p. 284. Use her summary as a starting point in fill in your response with information from pp. 258-261.) The way that Parents are and the childs temperament influence how they negative emotion and stressful situations. As self-concepts develop they experience more self-conscious emotions. Empathy becomes more common and can lead to sympathy, and results in prosocial or altruistic, behavior (actions that benefit another person without any expected reward) depending on parenting. Basic emotions-are there in infancy happy sad angry scared At preschoolers age they have good understanding of these basic emotions Preschoolers and self regulation-language helps a lot to talk themselves through things distraction is a strategy Self conscious emotions- embarrassment guilt jealous Parents help children understand self conscious emotions when they should feel a certain way or why they feel that way Empathy parents can show care and concern with kids empathy crying parent gets a bandaid or teddy bear from child What is difference between empathy and sympathy is when you feel bad or sorry for a person. Empathy is putting self into others shoes to experience the sadness someone else is experiencing PEER RELATIONS 5. Can you describe and give examples of the three types of childrens play Nonsocial activity is unoccupied, onlooker behavior and solitary play. If a child is in the room full of children playing and he or she decides to play with a toy all alone and pay no attention to others Parallel play is in which a child plays near other children with similar materials but does not try to influence their behavior. An example could be two children coloring the same picture but not paying attention as to what the colors the other child is choosing to use or how far they have come with their project True social interaction has two of the highest levels of interaction which are associative play and cooperative play Associative play Children engage in separate activities but exchange toys and comment on one anthers behavior. two or more children playing with blocks building the same thing, talking with each other but not working together to create something. Cooperative…
Muscles that move the wrist, hand and fingers
a. These muscles arise from the distal end of the Humerus and from the radius and ulna
b. They include the flexor carpi radialis, flexor digitorum profundus, extensor carpi ulnairs, and extensor digitorum
8. Muscles of the abdominal wall
a. These muscles connect the rib cage and vertebral column to the pelvic girdle
b. They include the external oblique, internal oblique, transversus abdominis, and rectus abdominis
9. Muscles of the pelvic outlet
8 INVENTORIES AND
THE COST OF GOODS SOLD
The chapter is a detailed introduction to the cost flow assumptions used to value inventories and measure the cost of goods sold.
Application of specific cost identification, weighted average cost, and FIFO is first examined within the context of a perpetual inventory system. The impact of the flow assumption employed on income taxes is discussed in detail. The need for a physical inventory to assess inventory shrinkage is also reviewed…
Working with Transparency, Effects,
and Graphic Styles and Recoloring
• Use the Transparency panel and the Color
• Recolor artwork
• Apply effects to objects
• Use the Appearance panel
• Work with graphic styles
• Use opacity masks
Use the Transparency Panel and the Color Picker
• By default, objects are created with 100%
• When one object overlaps another, the top
object hides all or part of object behind.
Use the Transparency Panel and the Color…
AP.USH Period 1
Chapter 8 ID’s
1. Person: Benedict Arnold: He was a general during the American revolutionary war. He is famous for betraying his country and siding with the British. He was born in the year 1741. During the war Arnold had shown that he was a great skilled leader and he also gained the support of George Washington. However he had many enemies within the military and in 1777 a group of lower class men were promoted ahead of him. This made him feel really unappreciated…
By: Edith, Olivia, Brendan, Maher, Eric
Summary of Chapter 8
In chapter 8 justine spends the night at her aunt’s
house, on her return she finds out William is missing.
Justine goes searching for William. Justine is blamed
for his death, and goes to court. She was “confident in
her Innocence”, and Elizabeth is the only one that
tries to prove shes a good person by talking…
Chapter 8 Homework
Gross Margin % of Drug Sales to Total Sales
Industry Gross Profit % for Drugs and Related Products
a. Both of Adams’ explanations are correct, the industry gross profit percent has declined steadily over the past years. Drug sales have also steadily declined as a percentage…
Chapter 7 & 8 questions.
1. The Navigation laws were placed so that The 13 colonies could trade only with Britain. Britain didn't want them trading with foreign countries so that they could 'Merchant' the merchandise.
2. The Quebec Act created a stir of protest among the thirteen colonies because it set a precedent against jury trials and popular assemblies in America and took away the trans-Allegheny region. The Quebec Act permitted the French to retain many of their old customs, which did…
1. Pure competition involves a vast number of firms selling standardized products in a market that is easily entered and exited. Pure monopoly is comprised of one single firm selling a unique product that has no quality substitutions. Monopolistic competition includes many firms advertising differentiated products in a market with relatively easy entry and exit. An Oligopoly is comprised of a few firms vying for consumers’ attention to either a standardized or differentiated…
CHAPTER 8 NOTES
COURSE OBJECTIVE D: Prepare a master budget and use the information in it to analyze the results of operations.
This chapter will examine in detail the preparation of a master budget, including schedules for sales, collections, cost of sales, payments, operating expenses, a cash budget, and budgeted income statement and balance sheet. It will discuss the purposes and uses of budgets for managers.
Profit planning involves the preparation of a number of budgets, integrated as…