Linux 101 Essay

Submitted By romel0408
Words: 490
Pages: 2

Create Partitions and Filesystems
OBJECTIVE: Candidates should be able to configure disk partitions and then create filesystems on media such as hard disks. This includes the handling of swap partitions.


Create Partitions and Filesystems
KEY KNOWLEDGE AREAS: Use various commands to set up partitions and create various filesystems, including ext2, ext3, reiserfs, vfat, and xfs.


Create Partitions and Filesystems
KEY FILES,TERMS, UTILITIES fdisk mkfs mkswap


Typical output of fdisk -l
Device Boot /dev/hda1 * /dev/hda2 /dev/hda3 /dev/hda5 /dev/hda6 /dev/hda7 /dev/hda8 /dev/hda9 /dev/hda10 /dev/hda11 Start 1 785 789 789 1236 1619 1721 1785 1836 1875 End 748 788 2432 1235 1618 1720 1784 1835 1874 1883 Blocks 6297448+ 32130 13205430 3590496 3076416 819283+ 514048+ 409626 313236 72261 Id System b Win95 FAT32 83 Linux 5 Extended 83 Linux 83 Linux 83 Linux 83 Linux 83 Linux 83 Linux 82 Linux swap

On this system the main feature to notice is that there are 3 primary partitions. The third partition is extended (/dev/hda3) and holds 8 logical partitions. The primary partition /dev/hda3 is not used. In fact /dev/hda3 acts as a 'container' and a filesystem exists only on the enclosed logical partitions.

Used to create a filesystem on a new partition. You may use mkfs or mke2fs. Syntax mkfs [ -V ] [ -t fstype ] [ fs-options ] filesys [ blocks ]

The exit code returned by mkfs is 0 on success and 1 on failure.
OPTIONS -V Produce verbose output, including all file system-specific commands that are executed. Specifying this option more than once inhibits execution of any file system-specific commands. This is really only useful for testing. -t fstype Specifies the type of file system to be built. If not specified, the default file…