Essay on List of Common Medical Terminology

Submitted By tinkerbell53
Words: 1288
Pages: 6

hCG= (human chorionic gonadotropin) is a hormone produced during pregnancy that is made by the developing placenta after conception, and later by the placental component syncytiotrophoblast.
Fertilization= is the union of a humanoid egg and sperm, usually occurring in the ampulla of the uterine tube. The result of this union is the production of a zygote, or fertilized egg, initiating prenatal development
Pituitary gland= A small oval endocrine gland attached to the base of the vertebrate brain and consisting of an anterior and a posterior lobe, the secretions of which control the other endocrine glands and influence growth, metabolism, and maturation. Also called hypophysis, pituitary body.
Obstetrics= The branch of medicine that deals with the care of women during pregnancy, childbirth, and the recuperative period following delivery.
Pancreatitis= Inflammation of the pancreas.
Sialadenitis= Inflammation of a salivary gland.
Urinary bladder= An elastic, muscular sac situated in the anterior part of the pelvic cavity in which urine collects before excretion.
Urethra= The canal through which urine is discharged from the bladder in most mammals and through which semen is discharged in the male.
Cystitis= Inflammation of the urinary bladder.
Azotemia= A toxic condition resulting from kidney disease in which there is retention in the bloodstream of waste products normally excreted in the urine.
Polycystic kidney disease= is a kidney disorder passed down through families in which many cysts form in the kidneys, causing them to become enlarged.
Diabetes insipidus= is a condition characterized by excessive thirst and excretion of large amounts of severely diluted urine, with reduction of fluid intake having no effect on the concentration of the urine. There are several different types of DI, each with a different cause. The most common type in humans is central DI, caused by a deficiency of arginine vasopressin (AVP), also known as antidiuretic hormone (ADH). The second common type of DI is nephrogenic diabetes insipidus, which is caused by an insensitivity of the kidneys to ADH. It can also be an iatrogenic artifact of drug use.
Diabetes mellitus= or simply diabetes, is a group of metabolic diseases in which a person has high blood sugar, either because the body does not produce enough insulin, or because cells do not respond to the insulin that is produced.[2] This high blood sugar produces the classical symptoms of polyuria (frequent urination), polydipsia (increased thirst) and polyphagia (increased hunger).
ESRD= End-stage kidney disease
Catheterization= a latex, polyurethane, or silicone tube known as a urinary catheter is inserted into a patient's bladder via the urethra. Catheterization allows the patient's urine to drain freely from the bladder for collection
NPO= nothing by mouth
Paracentesis= is a form of body fluid sampling procedure, generally referring to peritoneocentesis (also called laparocentesis - "cent" means "pierce") in which the peritoneal cavity is punctured by a needle to sample peritoneal fluid.[
Pyloric stenosis= is a narrowing of the pylorus, the opening from the stomach into the small intestine.
Hydrocephalus= is a buildup of fluid inside the skull that leads to brain swelling.
Preeclampsia= is when a pregnant woman develops high blood pressure and protein in the urine after the 20th week (late 2nd or 3rd trimester) of pregnancy.
Abruption placenta= is the separation of the placenta (the organ that nourishes the fetus) from its attachment to the uterus wall before the baby is delivered.
D & C= is a procedure to scrape and collect the tissue (endometrium) from inside the uterus Dilation ("D") is a widening of the cervix to allow instruments into the uterus. Curettage ("C") is the scraping of the walls of the uterus.
Autoimmune disease= arise from an inappropriate immune response of the body against substances and tissues normally present in the body. In other words, the