Paradox: this is a statement in which there is an apparent contradiction which is actually true.
Parallelism: a repetition of sentences using the same structure.
Parody: a work designed to ridicule the style and substance of another literary work.
Passive voice: in the passive voice, the subject of the sentence is neither a do-er or a be-er, but is acted upon by some other agent or by something unnamed.
Pastoral: a literary work that has to do with shepherds and rustic settings.
Pathos: occurs when the audience experiences the emotions of pity, tenderness, or sorrow.
Personal essay: a first person narrative.
Personification: giving human characteristics to an animal, object, or idea.
Persuasive essay: an essay designed to convince a reader of a writer’s point of view.
Persuasive technique: strategies employed (such as emotional appeal or bias) to convince a reader of a writer’s point of view.
Plot: the story line or organization of incidents in a story is called the plot. It consists of episodes and conflict. Plots usually have rising and falling actions.
Point of view: who tells the story and how the story gets told.
Pro and con argument: expressing arguments that are both for and against a position.
Prologue: an introductory speech or written passage at the start of a work of literature.
Propaganda: biased writing with extreme examples meant to sway an audience to a certain POV
Protagonist: the main character.
Proverb: a phrase, describing an example of basic truth that is transferred to common situations
Purpose: what the writer is trying to achieve through the writing.
Pun: a joke or type of wordplay in which similar senses or sounds of two words or phrases, or different senses of the same word, are deliberately confused.
Sarcasm: crudely mocking or contemptuous language; a form of verbal irony
Satire: a form of literature that ridicules some aspect of human behaviour, customs, or attitude in an attempt to bring about change.
Sestet: a six line poem or stanza.
Setting: the time, place, and mood of literature
Simile: when something is described by comparing it to something else, using like or as,
Slang: a type of informal verbal communication that is unacceptable for formal writing.
Soliloquy: a dramatic conversation through which a character, alone onstage, utters his or her thoughts aloud.
Sonnet: a 14 line poem usually written in iambic