More than 400,000 new cases occur each year
The hospitalization rate rose
130% from 377,000 in 1979
To 872,000 in 1995
The 5 year mortality rate is about 50%
According to the Department of quality and utilization data
Conditions that commonly cause
Coronary Artery Disease
Signs Of Heart Failure
Shortness of breath or
inability to breathe lying down.
Sudden weight gain:
2-3 lbs/day or 5 lbs or more in a week.
feet, legs, ankles, or abdomen.
Side effects from medications
Irregular heart rate.
When Heart failure The heart can’t move as much blood as it should with each beat.
This causes blood to back up into the lungs and throughout the body.
Certain organs don’t get enough blood to work normally,
How The Heart Works
The heart pumps blood to the lungs
The blood receives oxygen
Oxygen-rich blood travels back to the heart
Pumps oxygenated blood to the organs, limbs, brain, and other parts of the body.
The body uses up the oxygenated blood
Returns the blood to the heart
The process then starts over again
How The Heart Pumps Blood
The heart muscle must pump enough blood with each beat to keep the body healthy.
Blood coming to the heart enters the atria
The atria contract to pump blood into the ventricles
The ventricles contract
Blood is pumped out of the heart to the lungs and the rest of the body
The process starts again with the next heartbeat.
As Blood Flow Decreases
The heart works harder
and pumps faster
The heart muscles enlarge
The extra work damages the heart
When Your Body Gets Less
Fluid backs up in the lungs and throughout the body
Organs get less oxygen
Brain may receive less blood
Confusion and dizziness may develop
Lungs may fill with fluid
Causing shortness of breath
Kidneys may not be able to rid body of excess fluid
and can back up in other parts of the